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Magazine       "Oasis"
Year
No. 20 (20) December 2005
No. 19 (19) December 2005
No. 18 (18) November 2005
№ 17 (17) November 2005
No. 16 (16) October 2005
№ 15 (15) October 2005
No. 14 (14) September 2005
No. 13 (13) September 2005
12 (12) August 2005
11 (11) August 2005
No. 10 (10) July 2005
No. 9 (9) July 2005
No. 8 (8) June 2005
No. 7 (7) June 2005
No 6 (6) May 2005
No 5 (5) May 2005
No. 4 (4) April 2005
No. 3 (3) April 2005
No 2 (2) March 2005
No 1 (1) March 2005
THE AUTHORS
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Oleg Panfilov,
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panfilov[at]cjes.ru

Dmitry Alyaev,
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alyaev[at]cjes.ru

Roman Zyuzin,
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webmaster [at] cjes.ru

Adil Dzhalilov,
Kazakhstan,
adild[at]list.ru

a diamond stylus,
Kyrgyzstan,
citizen2005[at]yandex.ru

Nargis Zokirova,
Tajikistan
zokirova77 [at] mail.ru

Representative Names
in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan
not disclosed

Lyudmila Burenkova,
technical editor,
lyuda [at] cjes.ru

Elena Dorokhova,
design,
inwork[at]frw.ru
Tajikistan
Elections in Tajikistan
Amanda Sandy
According to the CEC, more than 80% of the population took part in the voting. The chairman of the Central Election Commission of the Republic, Mirzoali Boltuev, said that the clear leadership was with the People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan, the party of power headed by President Rakhmonov. The final result will be known in two weeks, but for now the balance of power in the new parliament looks like this: People's Democratic Party - 74.9% and 17 seats; Communist Party - 13.64% and 3 seats; The Islamic Renaissance Party - 8.9% and 2 places.

The CEC chairman also said that the three political parties in Tajikistan - Socialist, Democratic and Social Democratic - could not overcome the 5% barrier.

Local analysts consider the elections held as a dress rehearsal before the presidential elections, which are scheduled for next fall. Experts are sure that the majority will be picked up by the very political party whose representative will lead the country next. In this sense, the Tajik elections are considered by Tajik political analysts to be absolutely predictable.

Six political parties fought for deputy seats in the national parliament of the republic: a democratic, communist, social democratic, socialist, people's democratic and, finally, the only Islamic party in Central Asia - the Islamic Renaissance Party.

Democrats approached the elections almost decapitated. The leader of the Movement Mahmadruzi Iskandarov, at the request of the Tajik authorities, was detained in Moscow. The socialist party is split. Opposition forces unanimously claim that they have no chance of winning.

The leaders of five political parties of the country made a call not to recognize the results of the parliamentary elections. For the first time, their fellow party members were supported by the Communists, who had previously been loyal to the ruling party. Thus, they ended up in an opposition camp.

According to the chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Tajikistan, Rakhmatullo Zoirov, the elections were held with gross violations of the law. In a joint statement of the parties, the current vote was called illegal.

Zoirov also said that he was ready at meetings to explain and prove to the people why these elections were held illegally, with violations, above all, of the rights of voters and political parties themselves.

“The Central Election Commission must consider our claims,” he said. “If she does not do this, we will appeal to the Supreme Court.” If we receive a refusal there, we decided to leave all state structures, including the public council, which was created on the basis of a public consent agreement. Then let only one party rule in this country. We will accept all the permitted means and methods to make Tajikistan truly democratic. ”

The Central Election Commission of the Republic did not even comment on the statements of the new coalition, rejecting all allegations of violations of the voting procedure. The Central Election Commission of the country was supported by the mission of observers from the CIS, headed by Vladimir Rushailo. "In general, the elections were held without any violations," Rushaylo announced at a press conference. The Tajik opposition responded immediately, saying that the opinion of this mission was never independent.

Meanwhile, the election process in Tajikistan for the OSCE was a big disappointment. This was stated by Peter Eiker, the head of the OSCE mission in Dushanbe: “We had high hopes for the elections. Unfortunately, state control was too strong. Too many officials ruled election commissions. ”

In response to the criticism of international organizations, President Emomali Rakhmonov said the following: “Democracy and democratic processes are not a chess game ... We must bear in mind that we are Asians. More than 90% are Muslims. It is necessary to gradually prepare the society, change its mentality. Do not force things. In addition, the Tajik leader said that he is still young enough to leave politics.

Expert opinions

Rashid G. Abdullo, Independent Political Scientist
:

The election results in Tajikistan are not surprising.

The country needed democratic elections and the organizers realized that it was in their interest to hold them according to international standards - this would at least improve the image in the country and abroad. Results are important for parties, but they are not ready to work for them. Another problem is the discrepancy between the desire to secure active support of the population and the attitude of the people to the electoral process. Together, this determined the outcome of the elections.

It is not surprising that the ruling party of the PDPT has occupied most of the deputy seats: all the positive developments in the country are identified with it, or rather, with its leader, President E. Rahmonov.

Important for the country and the position of the United States. Their embassy issued a press release; the main idea is the proclamation of elections as part of a positive process in the development of democracy in Tajikistan.

There are disadvantages. The country or those on whom the conduct of “color” revolutions depends has taken the position of soft support for the elections and the country's leadership.

The strongest parties maintain a balanced position, the United States, in general, supports the policy of the country's leadership, therefore, it’s not possible to talk about the possibility of events similar to Georgian, Ukrainian or Kyrgyz.

Ismoil Rakhmatov, head. Foreign Policy and Foreign Economic Relations Department of the Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan:

All political parties participating in the elections received what they deserved. Initially, the PDPT claimed a greater number of seats in parliament, which it won. The country, which is at the initial stage of the development of democracy, needs to have experience in conducting such important political events. Many participated in elections for the first time after independence. Previously, we only heard that elections were held, and the results were announced on television and radio. We can say that the elections of 2005 were more democratic, although there was some opposition from the opposition.

As for the various revolutions, I think we have already passed this, it was with us in 1992, and this experiment did not give positive results.

reference

For the first time since the independence of Tajikistan, parliamentary elections were held in 1995. Then elections were held on February 27, 2000, and also on February 27, 2005. Presidential elections were held in Tajikistan on November 6, 1999. The next ones are scheduled for November 6, 2006.
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