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Magazine       "Oasis"
Year
No. 20 (20) December 2005
No. 19 (19) December 2005
No. 18 (18) November 2005
№ 17 (17) November 2005
No. 16 (16) October 2005
№ 15 (15) October 2005
No. 14 (14) September 2005
No. 13 (13) September 2005
12 (12) August 2005
11 (11) August 2005
No. 10 (10) July 2005
No. 9 (9) July 2005
No. 8 (8) June 2005
No. 7 (7) June 2005
No 6 (6) May 2005
No 5 (5) May 2005
No. 4 (4) April 2005
No. 3 (3) April 2005
No 2 (2) March 2005
No 1 (1) March 2005
THE AUTHORS
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on       journal [PDF]:
Oleg Panfilov,
project Manager,
panfilov[at]cjes.ru

Dmitry Alyaev,
chief editor,
alyaev[at]cjes.ru

Roman Zyuzin,
webmaster,
webmaster [at] cjes.ru

Adil Dzhalilov,
Kazakhstan,
adild[at]list.ru

a diamond stylus,
Kyrgyzstan,
citizen2005[at]yandex.ru

Nargis Zokirova,
Tajikistan
zokirova77 [at] mail.ru

Representative Names
in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan
not disclosed

Lyudmila Burenkova,
technical editor,
lyuda [at] cjes.ru

Elena Dorokhova,
design,
inwork[at]frw.ru
Turkmenistan
Elections with a "democratic" bias
Murad Ajtakov
In Turkmenistan, the role of parliament today is minimized in all respects and is purely decorative. De facto, with an autocracy similar to that of Turkmenistan, it would not be worthwhile to expect the existence of a real, independent legislative power, but the authorities went further and, de jure, dissolved the role of parliament in the advisory body of Halk maslahaty, which, besides parliamentarians, includes: the cabinet of ministers (appointed by the president ); heads of administrations (appointed by the president); representatives of the National Revival Movement “Galkynysh”, which unites all public organizations ideologically serving the regime; elders-aksakals, also selected by the presidential administration, etc. It is this body that is the supreme representative body of Turkmenistan, and the mechanism for its formation is under the complete control of the president and his inner circle. In this regard, parliamentary elections (Majlis) of Turkmenistan have no meaning, except for sham: the Majlis is legally deprived of the functions inherent in the parliament and all its actual activities are limited to legislative coordination between relevant ministries and the presidential administration of Turkmenistan.

At the same time, the authorities themselves are trying to portray the elections to the Majlis as "the highest manifestation of democracy by the people, the traditions of people's democracy", "a new step towards strengthening the foundations of a legal democratic state." In spite of the fact that the elections were originally planned to be held “on a broad alternative basis” ... everywhere, in every official document related to the elections, there was a strong attention and strong hand of Turkmenbashi in the media.

Following the indications of an "alternative" and "competitive basis" of elections, in almost all districts several candidates were appointed. However, all their competition was in the differences of oath assurances of self-sacrificing labor for the rigorous implementation of the orders of Eternally Great Saparmurat Turkmenbashi. At the same time, the criteria according to which, in the opinion of the authorities, the voters should have been guided by giving a vote to one or another candidate, remain completely incomprehensible. The president is one, the party is one, the state policy and the party - all this is the prerogative of the president. However, playing the performance to the very end, repeated tours were held in several districts, since in the first round there were no obvious favorites for the degree of loyalty to the president. Another turn of the started game in democratic elections was the extremely high voter turnout allowed by Turkmen standards. According to the CEC, 76.88% and 72.24% of voters respectively took part in the first and second rounds of voting, which is an unprecedented deviation from the “99 percent or more” percent allowed by the authorities of Turkmenistan at all previous elections.

Placing everything in its place and leaving no doubt about who was the boss in the country and that all the games in democracy were over, at the first meeting of the Majlis, the president “recommended” to elect the chairman of the Majlis and his deputy, which was immediately executed.

Describing the fate of the parliament, the president emphasized that in order to avoid infringement of the interests of any groupings, by 2020 the elections to the Turkmen Mejlis will not be held on party lists. Further, the president promised that he would gradually expand the powers of parliament, but as society is ready and maturity of the parliamentarians themselves.

As for the presidential election, Saparmurad Niyazov said in this connection: “If you elected me as president for life, then I still have to work hard. But for the next president, we will set a maximum of two terms. May subsequent Presidents occupy this post for no more than 10 years. ”
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