The leader of all Turkmen does not like anyone, but Dashoguz. For what does not love - nobody knows, though there are plenty of assumptions on this score. Some argue that this dislike is the result of the participation of the natives of Dashoguz velayat (region) in the so-called “stealing of the century”, when more than $ 40 million were irrevocably transferred from the depositories of the country's Central Bank using modern systems of transferring funds to accounts in foreign banks. There are other explanations. For example, a certain group of local analysts are convinced that ethnic Uzbeks are the main reason for Niyazov’s discrimination of the population of Dashoguz velayat, constituting on average more than thirty percent of the entire velayat’s population and living here from time immemorial, as well as the proximity of this velayat to the Republic of Uzbekistan. Turkmenbashi does not like this country, especially after the so-called events of November 25, 2002, when, as you know, an attempt was made to assassinate his life. At that time, the official authorities of Turkmenistan accused the Uzbek side that on the eve of the November events in Ashgabat, the Uzbeks had been complicating the former Deputy Prime Minister Boris Shikhmuradov in illegally crossing the border of the two countries, and after the events of November 25 for some time hid the main “terrorist and traitor to the motherland” Shikhmuradov in the residence of the Ambassador of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Turkmenistan.
Today, the velayat is considered in all respects backward compared to other regions of the country. Here, the unemployment rate among the adult population is significantly higher than, say, in the Mary, Lebap or Ahal velayats. It is even higher among young people - 95 percent of young men and women who have completed nine years of school cannot find a job. These and other acute social problems create an ideal basis for the growth of such types of crimes among young people, such as drug trafficking, smuggling goods and materials into neighboring Uzbekistan, theft of citizens' public and personal property, and prostitution. “In your velayat, I know, prostitution is highly developed,” said Saparmurat Turkmenbashi, a respected aksakal and head of the velayat, speaking at the next meeting of the highest representative body of Khalk Maslakhaty, held in the Daykhan (Peasant) Association named after Sadulla Rozmetov of the Dashoguz etrap.
“Hearing this from the mouth of the president, we were shocked,” recalls that day one of the participants in the national meeting, Berdy aga X, from Kunyaurgench. - He said so - “in your velayat”. As if our velayat does not apply to Turkmenistan. Of course, young Turkmen women and girls will sell their bodies for money if they have not had and have no other source of income. No jobs, nothing is built. And those facilities, in which Turkmenbashi took part in the grand opening, today either do nothing or work for one tenth of their capacity. For example, in the early 1990s, with a big pomp, Turkmenbashi opened a crane factory in Dashoguz. On the day of his arrival, only one truck crane was assembled in half, and even then some parts had to be removed from the working machines of construction organizations. And that's it! More Dashoguz truck crane plant has not released a single crane. It was exactly the same with the pipe plant. When the system of clearing supplies from Ukraine was in operation for the sold Turkmen gas, the pipe plant in Dashoguz seemed to be working. But then the supply of metal for clearing ceased, and hundreds of workers were thrown into the street. In Takhtinsk etrap (now it is the Gerogly etrap) they built and solemnly, again with the participation of Turkmenbashi, I remember, they rented a hosiery factory, in which more than three hundred women were supposed to work. Now only 30 women work at this enterprise, and here, as the workers themselves joke, disposable socks are produced, that is, suitable until the first wash.
Berdy aga X-s says that over the years of independence, the economy of the Dashoguz velayat has fallen into decay. Despite the fact that the velayat is considered a major producer of raw cotton, there is not a single textile mill here. But all these plants and factories are being built in the capital, in the Akhal velayat, in the exemplary Ruhabat etrap and, in particular, in the presidential estate in the village of Kipchak. The youth of Dashoguz velayat, in search of work, travels to Ahal, or to the Balkan province, rich in oil and gas. Looking through the Turkmen newspapers over the past few years, one can trace the process of discrimination in the Dashoguz velayat. The paper mill was built in the village of Yashlyk near Ashgabad. A cement plant with a capacity of one million tons is to Kelyat near Ashgabad. Urea plant - in Tedzhen. The liquefied gas production plant and the drinking water plant are in Lebap. Another carbamide plant will appear in Mary, where there is already an operating nitrogen plant. From Dashoguz, there are scant messages that the squares and centers of the Ruhnama were built, the arch-gate at the entrance to the city, the summer amphitheater, another fountain ...
The President of the country signed a decree on the construction of new theater buildings in all velayat centers. In all velayats, these centers of culture will be built by foreign companies, and in Dashoguz, for some reason, the theater will be built by a local construction organization experiencing a crisis and a miserable existence. For example, in Turkmenabat and Archabil, drinking water plants are commissioned, and in Dashoguz and throughout the velayat - with the exception of a few settlements, one of which is named after Turkmenbashi - people drink water, the salt concentration level in which is more than 1500 1700 milligrams per liter of water, and in the Akdepinsky and Boldumsaz etraps - more than 2000 mg / l, which is ten times higher than the maximum permissible norms approved by the World Health Organization (WHO). Dashoguz residents live little - people who have reached the age of 90 or more years can be counted on the fingers. Most of the population suffers from cardiovascular diseases, diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, cancer, diseases of the joints.
“All the troubles of our velayat, of course, come from the policy of Turkmenbashi,” said an elderly man who had worked in the system of financial bodies for many years. “He appoints people from other regions who are not at all concerned with social problems, such as unemployment, the quality of drinking water, poor ecology, and salinization of land, as heads of velayats.”
It is hard to disagree with such an opinion. So, if in the first years of independence, local functionaries who knew the problems were appointed as leaders of the region, now people from Ashgabat or the Ahal velayat are appointed to such positions.
“For a six-month probationary period,” the elderly financier continues, “each newcomer of the velayat appointed by Niyazov tries to make his personal capital. Nobody thinks about the people. If this vicious practice of appointing managers is continued, then every year in the velayat the protest potential will increase more and more, which one day will turn the backward region into the second Uzbek Andijan. ”
The secretive protest potential is indeed growing both among the Turkmen themselves and among the large Uzbek diaspora living in the territory of the Dashoguz velayat. Today, there is practically no Uzbek leader left in the leading nomenklatura staff of the velayat. Even at the level of leaders of Daihan associations (former collective and state farms), nine-year schools, and small institutions, Uzbeks are denied the right to occupy leadership positions. A discriminatory policy towards members of national minorities can blow up the situation in the velayat from the inside and lead to unpredictable consequences.
“My son tried for three years in a row to enroll in a Turkmen university, but all his attempts were unsuccessful. And then he went to study in Uzbekistan, graduated from a higher educational institution in Tashkent, but the diploma he received is not recognized in Turkmenistan. A graduate cannot find a job. How is this so? ”- complains Karim aka, a resident of the village of Helleng of the Etrap named after Saparmurad Niyazov.
“Our children have no work. First of all, they take Turkmen even for the lowest paid position, the retired teacher, who worked for a long time in the closed Kazakh school in the Izmukshir association of the Takhta etrap, resents. - In law enforcement agencies, in higher educational institutions of the country the road to non-Turkmenmen is tightly closed. For money, of course, you can arrange everything. Then do not look at the fact that you are a different nationality. But how long can you live by giving a bribe ?! Only one thing remains - to move to their historical homeland, to Kazakhstan. A lot of our Kazakhs do that. ”
There is growing discontent among the Turkmen themselves in the Dashoguz velayat.
“These endless reductions of staff in budget organizations, liquidation or closure of enterprises and institutions transferred to self-financing, deductions from salaries for subscriptions to newspapers and magazines, a birthday present for the head or minister, for treats arrived with an inspection or audit commission from Ashgabad, - construction of a mosque, assistance in the implementation of the plan for grain and cotton — all this annoys working people that even the unemployed are no longer jealous of us, ”says Annageldi A-Dov, 40, a builder. - No one is sure that tomorrow he will be let down by a reduction, everyone lives under inexplicable constant fear. Real life is so different from what is shown on Turkmen television that the people now neither watch TV nor read newspapers. ”
Meanwhile, no signs of improvement are observed. On the contrary. Instead of building new industrial enterprises in the velayat, creating additional jobs, solving social and environmental problems, the central government in the person of Eternally Great Turkmenbashi is tightening the screws in relation to the residents of Dashoguz velayat, tightens the regime of free access to this backward region. Today, to get to the velayat, residents of the capital and other cities of Turkmenistan should receive an invitation from a relative in Dashoguz, and then with this invitation, issue a pass at the police department giving them the right to enter the velayat.
There are a lot of military in the velayat today. At the entrances and exits from the city of Dashoguz to the etrap centers, there are posts of state service of road supervision (GSDN). With the onset of darkness, every driver or motorcyclist is obliged to stop at the GSDN post, show documents, register in a special journal, provide information about the purpose and route of movement. Even residents of the velayat cannot be reached into the Turkmenbashi etrap without presenting a passport.
“It feels like we live in a police state,” said a twenty-year-old who had just served in the army. - It seems that our president is afraid of his people, and therefore strengthens his repressive apparatus. Everywhere there are redundancies, and in the system of the MNS, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the prosecutor’s office, the courts, the customs, the Ministry of Defense and the State Border Service, the State Service for the Registration of Foreign Citizens, on the contrary, an increase in the number of employees is observed. You should always have with you a document certifying your identity. Sometimes in the evening you are afraid to leave the house. You are afraid not of bandits and robbers, but of people in uniform or in civilian ones, who are endowed with authority and authority. ”
The situation that has developed in the Dashoguz velayat can be blown up by any factor, any rash decision of the authorities. It is easy for people who do not have a job and a permanent source of income to be routed to a riot, without even paying them anything for it. And if there is an extremist ready to pay for the car blown up? How many people are willing to join the ranks of the “warriors of Allah”?
“A lot,” says a young man, who identified himself as Bahram. - There are so many dissatisfied among the youth that one spark is enough. Remember the time when the then khyakim of the velayat Habybylla Durdyev during the cotton harvest ordered to close the central market in Dashoguz and install barriers on all roads leading to the city? What was then? More than 250 people, mostly those who live off work in the bazaar, took to the main streets and avenues of the city. Then the uncontrollable crowd approached the building of the district administration and demanded Durdiyev to come to her. The “committee workers” videotaped everything that happened, but no one faltered, did not get frightened by these watch dogs of Turkmenbashi. Two hours later, the terrified khyakim ordered to death to open the market for trade, to remove all barriers from the roads and to open the traffic. And now there is enough of a serious reason for the people to go out into the street, as in Andijan. Personally, I know many guys who are ready to commit such an act just like that, and if someone else offers money, there will be much more people willing to oppose the existing regime. ”
Although the birth rate is decreasing, the population of Dashoguz velayat is growing steadily. More than 1 million 300 thousand people live here. Official statistics is silent about the real number of unemployed and is engaged in fraud. For example, in all statistical reports, a young unemployed housewife passes as working. It turns out that she works at home, therefore, she cannot be considered unemployed. Or another confirmation of the manipulation of statistics figures. A family in the countryside leases one hectare of land. This plot is recorded in the name of only one family member. It turns out that in the family there is one working and receiving at least some income. Not at all. The statistical reports state that all adult able-bodied members of this family work on their land. According to independent experts, the unemployment rate among the adult population of the Dashoguz velayat is 70-73 percent of the total number of the working-age population, and among the youth it is already 90 percent or more. And if the central government does not do anything in the near future, then at this rate of increase in unemployment, the velayat may soon repeat the fate of Uzbek Andijan.