Two months ago, the Carnegie Moscow Center published a study by Zhao Huansheng, a professor at Fudan University in Shanghai, the head of the Center for the Study of Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, China, Central Asia and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. This is probably the first most comprehensive study published in Russian, which explains what the SCO is, the history of its formation, and also, very importantly, explains its effectiveness.
Of course, this study is only a Chinese scientist, and in order to realize the feasibility of the emergence of this international structure, it is necessary to compare it with similar studies in other countries of Central Asia. In the meantime, since 1996, when the Shanghai Five was formed, or since 2001, after the transformation into the SCO, and then after Uzbekistan joined to it, we borrow about goals and objectives exclusively from news reports.
Professor Zhao Huangsheng mostly writes about the main reason for the emergence of the SCO, when Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan decided to sign the “Agreement on strengthening confidence in the military field in the border area”. Then, recommendations on combating international terrorism appeared in the SCO documents. The author of the study, although he writes that the SCO does not counterbalance influence in the rivalry of Russia, China and the United States, nevertheless, does not hide its disappointment: “Although the military cooperation of the Central Asian states with the US and NATO does not contradict the goals of the SCO in the field of security, it can play a certain negative role for the organization. ”
In other words, if we summarize the documents signed by the SCO on military cooperation, we all fear international terrorism, but we will fight it in our own ways. The SCO does not hide the goal of "terrorism" - Chechnya in Russia, "Eastern Turkestan" in China. But another thing is quite obvious - the SCO members should unconditionally indulge in the actions of the Russian army in Chechnya and the efforts to pacify the separatists in East China. Why do the SCO need Central Asian countries? Is it only to “gather up” to everyone, to talk about a certain force, about a certain bloc, in its military-political tasks nothing different from the Warsaw Pact, which died safely on July 1, 1991?
It is clear that in the documents of the SCO there can be no guarantee of the observance of human rights by member states. Moreover, the SCO members somehow agreed with the statement that non-observance of human rights cannot be a cause for disagreement, and even more, God forbid, interference in internal affairs. Such an attitude to the basic principles of democracy only confirms totalitarianism at the heart of the creation of the SCO - a state above human rights.
What else can be attractive to the SCO? Economic relations? But Professor Zhao Huangsheng is quite frank here too: “The SCO remains an association of rather poor countries”, explaining that in fact “the quality reputation in the markets of Central Asia is low” and it is compensated by low prices. Therefore, in the markets of Central Asian countries more and more Chinese consumer goods, which at prices corresponds to the purchasing power of the population, but are significantly inferior to the quality of Turkish or Iranian goods.
Nevertheless, the ninth year of the presidents, prime ministers and ministers just carefully gather to witness their virtual participation in the military-political bloc, which gives only the opportunity to participate in summits, but does nothing for the development of the economy. No one dares to say that being friends against someone is a passion for offended and short-sighted, playing secondary roles in the big game of Russia and China.
In the ballet, they are called the corps de ballet, on the stage, by the back vocal, in the movie, by the extras. In many Soviet families there were earthen Chinese idlers on the dressers or in the sideboards. Hinged heads swung depending on who poked them on the back of the head. Do not stick - they are silently speaking, not expressing by their presence anything other than the fashion for Chinese in those days when friendship with China was popular. And on the radio a refrain sounded fervent words "Moscow-Beijing, Moscow-Beijing, go, go, go forward people" ...