In recent years, cases of girls being suspended from school have become more frequent in schools of the Sogd Oblast. The reason for this is not the absence of girls for the educational process, but traditional Muslim clothing, in particular, the wearing of headscarves, which is prescribed by the religion of Islam.
Sisters Parvina and Mashur Mansurov, pupils of 9 and 11 classes of secondary school No. 15 of Khujand city, said that on May 18, 2004 they came to school in headdresses, or rather, in headscarves. The school director, seeing schoolgirls in such an outfit, kicked them out of school.
“We have hardly passed the exams. In September, when they came back to school, we were forced to bring permission from the City Board of Education. The deputy head of this department allowed us to attend school in such clothes. When we arrived at the school, the principal requested written permission from us. Then my mother and I went there and tried to tell the manager about it. But he began to shout at us, saying that there was no permission. And we were forced again not to go to school ... ”, - said the sisters of Mansurov. Afterwards, the director dismissed these girls from school for systematic absenteeism.
But the director of school No. 15 Rakhimov, in a letter of appeal from the Public Institute “Youth and Civilization”, in which he asked to clarify why the Mansurov sisters were expelled, replied that the leaders of the girls' classes repeatedly talked with their parents and asked them to send their children to school in the appropriate school uniform. However, the parents of the girls said they would be allowed to go to their daughters to school only in a headscarf.
Rakhimov confirmed that he really demanded written permission from the Mansurov sisters for the head of the City Department of Public Education. “The head of the department explained to them that based on the norms of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan“ On Education ”and the school’s charter, the school uniform for all students is the same. In addition, we must not forget that according to the Constitution of Tajikistan, our state is secular and it is separated from religion, ”he said.
However, lawyer Abdusamad Sultonov believes that “even in the Regulation on school uniforms, regarding the wearing of headscarves, it is said that it is not forbidden for boys to wear headdresses to boys and headscarves to girls.”
Studies conducted in the framework of the “Free School” project by the Public Institute “Youth and Civilization” in the Jamoat Navgil of the Isfara district showed that one of the reasons for the school’s non-attendance at the age of 12-15 years is religion.
As the chairman of the Committee for Women’s and Family Affairs of the city of Isfara, Nubuvat Isroilova, “certain factors affect the existing problem, such as the reluctance of girls to continue their studies, the influence of religion and local customs, and the reluctance of parents who believe that there is no need for girls .
“The girls are trying to finish school and enroll in a university, but in remote villages, especially in mountain villages, the problem in question requires close attention. The main reason for the poor visits by girls in grades 8-9 is the influence of religion. Girls prefer to get an education or continue their studies in local madrasas. Such a development of events is served by a misunderstanding of the fundamentals of religion and religious prejudices of the population, ”said Mavluda Makhkamova, deputy governor of the Asht district of the Sughd region.