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Magazine       "Oasis"
Year
No. 20 (20) December 2005
No. 19 (19) December 2005
No. 18 (18) November 2005
№ 17 (17) November 2005
No. 16 (16) October 2005
№ 15 (15) October 2005
No. 14 (14) September 2005
No. 13 (13) September 2005
12 (12) August 2005
11 (11) August 2005
No. 10 (10) July 2005
No. 9 (9) July 2005
No. 8 (8) June 2005
No. 7 (7) June 2005
No 6 (6) May 2005
No 5 (5) May 2005
No. 4 (4) April 2005
No. 3 (3) April 2005
No 2 (2) March 2005
No 1 (1) March 2005
THE AUTHORS
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on       journal [PDF]:
Oleg Panfilov,
project Manager,
panfilov[at]cjes.ru

Dmitry Alyaev,
chief editor,
alyaev[at]cjes.ru

Roman Zyuzin,
webmaster,
webmaster [at] cjes.ru

Adil Dzhalilov,
Kazakhstan,
adild[at]list.ru

a diamond stylus,
Kyrgyzstan,
citizen2005[at]yandex.ru

Nargis Zokirova,
Tajikistan
zokirova77 [at] mail.ru

Representative Names
in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan
not disclosed

Lyudmila Burenkova,
technical editor,
lyuda [at] cjes.ru

Elena Dorokhova,
design,
inwork[at]frw.ru
Armchairs ...
Rustam Karaev
The average duration of the board of heads of Kyrgyz governments is one and a half calendar years. For the first time in the history of Kyrgyzstan, the authorities are preparing to put the former prime minister in the dock.

14 years of Kyrgyz independence passed in an endless, as it seemed, change of heads of government. The leaders of the national cabinet, as if by some kind of magic figures, changed exactly fourteen times. Some were lucky to get into the premiere twice. And in the case of Kurmanbek Bakiyev, change seats in the seat above. For the rest, fortune was not so favorable.

The fates of Kyrgyz prime ministers evolved differently. The first - Nasirdin Isanov - according to the official version, died in a car accident. Moreover, under rather strange circumstances. Everyone who was next to him in the cabin of his car, got off with a slight fright and scratches. Isanov managed to stay on the post of prime minister of the independent republic for just over 300 days. It is believed that he was at the forefront of the formation of the institution of the executive branch of government of a young sovereign state.

Tursunbek Chyngyshev became the second official prime minister. He was the first professional builder on the political stage. But in the annals of history came in connection with the "golden scandal", which cost him a political career. In the early nineties, we recall, in the young republic were distributed state stocks of precious metals. By the way, Chyngyshev owns an apt phrase: “Only fools and lazy people do not steal in Kyrgyzstan”.

The vacant place was taken by Apas Dzhumagulov. This man also remains a prominent figure of the local establishment. It is considered a long-liver both in the power system and as the head of the government. He commanded the parade aksakal more than four years. He was distinguished by a phenomenal memory that allowed him to memorize a large amount of information and not to look at the cheat sheets at meetings and reports. During his reign, the country received the bulk of the loans, which made the heaviest burden on the budget.

Dzhumagulova replaced Kubanychbek Dzhumaliyev on a post. He occupied the premiership for about nine months. Ironically, the fate of a tsunami in the economies of the near abroad countries fell for the duration of its reign. Kyrgyzstan is no exception. The economic crisis caused the resignation of the fourth official prime minister of Kyrgyzstan.

Zhumabek Ibraimov was appointed the fifth in the post of prime minister. But he did not stay for six months. Tragically died. Ibraimov was remembered for the fact that he first spoke about corruption in the highest echelons of power. And even voiced the amount in which his portfolio was assessed.

The sixth prime minister of Kyrgyzstan is alive and does not complain about poor health. This is Amangeldy Muraliev, who led the government team for just over a year and a half. However, after the resignation, he almost never left the power clip. Until recently, Muraliev held important government posts. After the tulip revolution, he continued to lead the Ministry of Economic Development and Industry. But the other day he was replaced by Almazbek Atambayev, an industrial businessman.

In 2000, Kurmanbek Bakiyev replaced Muraliev. He prevailed in Kyrgyzstan twice. He left the post for the first time because of the Aksy tragedy, when several people died as a result of a collision of a peaceful demonstration with the police. The second time Bakiyev entered the premiere office after March 24. He resigned, becoming the second president of Kyrgyzstan. During his first premiership, the country began to fever with opposition rallies and pickets. Kurmanbek Salievich will join them a bit later, having fallen into disgrace. After the resignation of Bakiyev - in 2002, the cabinet of the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan for the first time went not to a representative of the titular nation. Nikolay Tanayev is an ethnic Russian, at first he avoided politics in every possible way, considering it necessary to concentrate on the economy. But later got a taste. And he was involved in a political game that ended with the Tulip Revolution. Four times the premiership post was transferred to the "acting". The interim heads of government, not fully approved for this position, officially numbered three. The first of them was Andrei Jordan, who led the cabinet for about two months. Twice the premiership was transferred to the notorious Boris Silaev, who is now in permanent residence in Moscow. He occupies a solid position there in the Luzhkov team. The third little-known and. became Almambet Matubraimov. He also owns a kind of record. The former parliamentary speaker assumed temporary duties for 24 hours. True, according to open sources, they allegedly managed to sign a document on a loan of $ 30 million during this time, the fate of which is not known today. After March 24, he was appointed plenipotentiary representative of the president for the southern region, where he had serious friction with the governor of the Osh region, Anwar Artykov.

No matter how the fate of the premiers took shape, they were always united by one thing - the unenviable fate of the puppets in the hands of high-ranking puppeteers. The premieres were not allowed to have their own point of view on important issues. They are constantly cut powers. And by 2005, almost all power was concentrated in the hands of the president.

The penultimate prime minister, by the way, was actually turned into a "whipping boy." Under the old regime, he got it from both the parliament and opposition politicians. Under the new government, a criminal case was brought against him. Nikolai Tanayev is charged with theft. He became the first ex-prime minister, who was put in the detention center cell. With his predecessors who fell into disgrace, the former elite was much softer. Tanayev himself, by the way, considers himself innocent.

It is believed that this imbalance was one of the reasons for the political confrontation, which ended in a tulip revolution. Nevertheless, some representatives of the ruling elite believe that presidential powers should be strengthened. This point of view, in particular, openly adheres to the Acting Deputy Prime Minister Daniyar Usenov and several of his colleagues in the government and the administration of the head of state. It was shared by Kurmanbek Bakiyev himself. However, after being elected president, he no longer voiced his position on this issue.

Most of the political arena believes that the president on the contrary should share powers with the prime minister and legislators. For example, Felix Kulov and his supporters, among whom we can mention the speaker of the Jogorku Kenesh, Omurbek Tekebaev, support the transition to a parliamentary republic. In their vision, the president should be limited by a rigid framework that will not allow individual decisions to be made in matters of national importance. The task of kulovtsy for the near future is the introduction of a clear distinction in powers between the head of state and the chairman of the government. The first is supposed to get political, and the second - economic blocs.

Felix Kulov is the ninth prime minister. In order of priority - the fourteenth. He considers his mission in building a new Kyrgyzstan important. Over the next five years, he intends to significantly redraw the state machine in order to rule out the possibility of authoritarianism. Kulov prepared himself for a higher role. And, it is not excluded, still will participate in presidential elections. For reasons well known, the general refused the claims to the highest post in the state in favor of Bakiyev, with whom he joined the tandem.

Kulov is the first prime minister in the last few years who allows himself to correct the president. The general, rather, perceives the head of state as a partner, not a chief. Nevertheless, according to the conditions of the tandem, the fate of the chairman of the government is directly connected with the presidential one. According to the agreements between the participants of the political union, we recall that Bakiyev can dismiss Kulov only if he resigns. However, this does not mean at all that the partners in the tandem will be faithful to the obligations given to each other, right up to the new presidential elections. Obviously, another thing - Kulov’s departure from the post of prime minister would entail a deep political crisis. And, perhaps, the split of the state into regions and civil confrontation.

No less important, as in whose favor the formation of a new cabinet of ministers will be held. The most acceptable option could be a coalition composition, which took into account the interests of influential political groups. However, the executive must be a single team. Otherwise, Kyrgyzstan is waiting for another round of crisis of power. And what does this mean, we have already learned in a few post-revolutionary months.

But, alas, the formation of the new government is delayed. It is assumed that because of the backstage brawls for portfolios. To stop the fight, apparently, has not yet succeeded. Several people apply for each ministerial chair in Kyrgyzstan.

Equally important and important for Kulov’s career is the issue of property redistribution. According to current versions, the redistribution of wealth and enterprises continues with the blessing of officials from the team of the new government. The authorities called on the World Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Asian Development Bank, local business organizations to stop the legal mayhem. President neglected neglected. Word for the prime minister.
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