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No. 20 (20) December 2005
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THE AUTHORS
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Oleg Panfilov,
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panfilov[at]cjes.ru

Dmitry Alyaev,
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alyaev[at]cjes.ru

Roman Zyuzin,
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Adil Dzhalilov,
Kazakhstan,
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a diamond stylus,
Kyrgyzstan,
citizen2005[at]yandex.ru

Nargis Zokirova,
Tajikistan
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Representative Names
in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan
not disclosed

Lyudmila Burenkova,
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Elena Dorokhova,
design,
inwork[at]frw.ru
Continents in uniform
Uniform reform of the Uzbek armed forces
Vladimir Morozov
On the need for reform of the armed forces of Uzbekistan, conversations in the Ministry of Defense of the republic have long been going on. It would seem that certain steps have been taken: territorial districts have been created, a mobilization reserve has been created that allowed rational use of the country's recruitment structure, although there is no cost for corruption here (if you do not want to serve - pay, you want to serve, then work in law enforcement agencies - also pay) . They recently raised salaries for servicemen, although they confess: since they automatically reduced their allowances, the extra charge was not as tangible as advertised by the government.

But there is still no real reform. 60 thousand is a contingent of the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan, which, according to conservative estimates, is five times less than the police resource. It is known that it is the “Green Guard” (law enforcement officers) who now rule the ball in the country and ensure the “security” of citizens and the authorities. It turns out that it is more profitable to finance the Ministry of Internal Affairs, since it is better to buy forty cars for the traffic police than one tank for the army. I will not talk about airplanes and artillery, the service life of which is already at the limit, and their replacement is the ultimate dream of the military. Attempts to start the production of their ammunition to particular success does not lead. Thus, the research and production association Vostok on the French equipment produces cartridges for Kalashnikovs, but their ballistics leaves much to be desired. “They are good for training, but not for fighting,” an officer once admitted to me from one of the divisions stationed in Tashkent. Even the repair of tanks is a headache, because the Tashkent Excavator Plant refuses to accept them, and the Navoi Mining and Smelting Plant is ready to repair them instead of cargo dump trucks, if, of course, there is good payment and all technical documentation. But there is neither one nor the other.

But the reform will be. And it will start with clothes, as the most pompous, easy and ideologically seasoned. It was decided to place rings on shoulder straps instead of stars - according to the number of continents conquered by Amir Temur. Since he managed to conquer only three 600 years ago, this number will be on the shoulders of brave officers. The younger composition is marked with a triangle, and the oldest - with a hexagon. The titles have so far been decided to be maintained, although a few years ago such posts as titles as ensign and midshipman disappeared. In fact, in the early 1990s, Islam Karimov was thinking of adjusting to the Turkish model of army construction: company-workers called “yuzboshi” (head of the hundreds), colonels and divisional commanders - “mingboshi” (heads of thousandths). But this idea has not been realized. Because they understood that it was ridiculous to learn from Turkey, since the Turks themselves were defeated by Tamerlane, and their army is far from being the most effective and powerful.

By the end of the 90s, the idea arose to restructure under NATO, they say, to take their weapons, standards, control system, uniforms. But military economists clutched their heads, since the cost of such a reform was 80 times higher than the entire budget of Uzbekistan. Refused. And Karimov had to ask German leader Helmut Kohl for the weapons of the former GDR. They were not given there because they feared an increase in the military potential in Central Asia. Russia, too, was not particularly in a hurry to supply Tashkent with modern appliances. Especially Moscow was indignant when Tashkent withdrew from the 1992 Collective Security Treaty.

And the regional ambitions of the Uzbek president demanded some self-realization. I wanted to show the world that Uzbekistan is strong not only economically but also in a military sense. Only the economy turned out to be the most decrepit and breathable, and as for the army, it’s bitter to say something: the military hunted for Juma Namangani’s detachment for several months, and the Americans destroyed it in the end. The only success is the mining of borders with Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, as a result of which many civilians died. But drug trafficking, extremism, illegal trafficking of weapons could not be stopped. Even the peacekeeping operation, which was carried out by two Uzbek battalions in 1994, together with the Russians, Kyrgyz, and Kazakhs, turned out to be an unbearable burden for the Ministry of Defense. As a result, the Uzbek security forces protected the country from refugees who sought to move from Tajikistan in fear of raging civil war.

However, the neighbors know perfectly well how cunning is Tashkent. His symbol is Amir Temur, a famous bloody invader of the Middle Ages. Karimov always quotes the statements of this tyrant, who left an indelible mark on the Caucasus, Persia, Turkey, Afghanistan, Syria, because he considers him to be the most prominent person in the history of mankind. The monument in the center of Tashkent points the Uzbeks towards their neighbors: they say, come and take what I left to you six hundred years ago - this is how foreigners perceive this symbol.

And the faithful descendant of Sahibkiran - Karimov is committed to these ideas. Because he always talks with his neighbors from a position of strength. It blocks the railroad transit to Tajiks, then turns off gas to Kyrgyz, and then completely introduces the visa regime, mines the border, complicates the water and energy problem ... Therefore, the process of delimitation is so difficult, many peace treaties and agreements are ignored, integration is not taking place. But now Tashkent will have modern Russian equipment and ammunition, political support from the SCO, EvroAzES, and no one is afraid of Karimov ...

And the epaulettes are a recognition that the Uzbek army is not defensive. After all, five-pointed stars - this is a pentagram - a sign of defense. And the rings - one inside the other means the land that once belonged to the Empire of Tamerlane. Here, and does not smell of justice, which asserted the great invader. By the way, it can be seen in the sign - “Globe of Uzbekistan”, built on Mustakillik Square. There, on the globe, there is only one country the size of Eurasia, but its outlines are easy to identify. And there are no more states.

Now Tashkent, inspired by the approval of Moscow and Beijing, boasts: “Uzbekistan will never depend on anyone,” although Karimov understands his dependence on world powers. But on the other hand, one should not be surprised if soon the whole world will be ringed by the ideas of "the person who defined the era." Because totalitarian and authoritarian regimes need such reforms - “running”.
DISCUSSION
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Anvar Ibragimov
[email protected]
11/14/2005, Uzbekistan, Samarkand
That's right. Our army is far from combat-ready; there are no funds for maneuvers and combat training. It is prestigious to serve only those who want to work in the police.
Yadgor Norbutaev
[email protected]
11.11.2005
The article is absolutely fair, in all I agree with the author. Recently I was in the hospital, a lot of young soldiers. I ask one: - Where do you serve? - - In a tank battalion. - -How many tanks? - -Ten.- -How much on the go? - -One.- -What are you doing all day? - -We clean them ...- What power - and such an army!
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