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No. 20 (20) December 2005
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THE AUTHORS
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Oleg Panfilov,
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panfilov[at]cjes.ru

Dmitry Alyaev,
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alyaev[at]cjes.ru

Roman Zyuzin,
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Adil Dzhalilov,
Kazakhstan,
adild[at]list.ru

a diamond stylus,
Kyrgyzstan,
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Nargis Zokirova,
Tajikistan
zokirova77 [at] mail.ru

Representative Names
in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan
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Lyudmila Burenkova,
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Elena Dorokhova,
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Bridge from the past
Rakhmon Boltaev
The modern Tajik Chronicle is only fourteen years old. Fourteen years of torture, destruction and creation, the search for truth, appeal to the origins of their national history, forgotten by time. Finding so-called independence, every nation gains faith in tomorrow and its historical past with it. Ideology is replaced by a new, slightly veiled myth of a great past. The tradition of antiquity is deeply resurrecting like a campfire that is bursting with a new force and a new state, having forgotten about the once-existing taboo, begins a new game. Someone's idea is instantly taken up by the public consciousness and is exaggerated until it, i.e. the idea does not take real shape until it is translated into reality. A similar thing happened in Tajikistan. Having risen from its knees, having recovered from the experienced losses, the Tajik people, led by the new authorities, decided to create the modern history of Tajikistan, while relying on the echoes of the past that had long gone into oblivion. Tajikistan today is a state that inherited the traditions of the ancient Samanid era as its glorious past. No, we did not return to the times of the civilization then dominant; we simply revived the epoch, making it a part of the new Tajikistan.

Today, the national heritage of the Tajik people is a monument, erected in 1999 in honor of the celebration of the 1100th anniversary of the Samanid State.

“The idea arose as cultural and historical, but, unfortunately, this idea was ambiguously perceived in neighboring Uzbekistan,” says Iskandar Asadullayev, Ph.D., a former director of the Center for Strategic Studies under the country's president: “When this idea was put forward, the issue of that Tajikistan does not have, has not and will not have any political and border claims against Uzbekistan. Samarkand and Bukhara, the then capitals of the Samanid state are now on the territory of Uzbekistan. Even despite the ambitions of some political forces, prudence prevailed, and Tajikistan celebrated its historic holiday with dignity. ”

The initiative to build the monument belonged to the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rakhmonov, the organizer of the construction and the author were the capital's mayor Makhmadsaid Ubaidullayev and the President of the Academy of Architecture and Construction, academician and honored builder of Tajikistan, laureate of the Rudaki Republic Prize in literature, art and architecture Bakhoviddin Zukhurdinov After the leadership of the republic decided to solemnly celebrate the 1100th anniversary of the Samanid State and erect a monumental complex in the capital, in November 1997 the Hukumat (administration) of the city of Dushanbe announced an international competition to develop a sketch of the Monument, in which famous architects took part and architects from Tajikistan and some CIS countries. After a long discussion, the majority of votes was given to the project of the author group Zukhurdinov. At that time, the cost of the project was estimated at 200 million rubles (at that time the “ruble” was exactly the national currency of Tajikistan, without a soft sign, and today even the monetary unit has the proud name “Somoni”).

All construction work on the complex ended with the celebration of the 1100th anniversary of the Samanid State, which took place on an unprecedented scale. A ten-meter-long “ruler” of Ismoili Somoni, cast in bronze at a Moscow factory, appeared before the Tajiks. Above it, to this day, a forty-meter arch rises, and next to it sit two bronze lions, symbolizing the power of the Samanid State. Inside under the arch there is a kind of underground museum-pantheon of Samanids, in which there is a copy of the tomb of Ismoili Somoni, brought from Bukhara. According to the authors, the complex was to become a symbol of the unity of the people of Tajikistan in the implementation of the noble goal of building a happy society of justice and fraternity. Did he become so difficult to answer. But in the self-consciousness of the majority of Tajiks, the notion “We are followers of the great Samanid era” is imprinted.

“Ismoili Somoni is not just a hero in our everyday understanding, he is a king, emir, and that says it all,” says Rakhim Masov, director of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography named after Ahmad Donish of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan. I myself was one of the initiators of the construction of a monument in honor of Ismoili Somoni, but what to say, this was said enough. ”

According to historians, the Samanid era is one of the most vivid and brilliant in the history of Central Asia. The consolidation of many territories into a single state including also a part of Afghanistan and eastern Iran, the creation of a state that was virtually independent of the caliphate, was in itself one of the most important phenomena in the history of Asia in the 9th-10th centuries. It is at this difficult time that the Tajik people emerge, the Tajik language spreads, and Tajik culture emerges. Other peoples, mainly of Turkic origin, lived on the territory of the Samanid state. They also contributed to the Samanid civilization. It was the time of the rule of Islam, and civilization was accordingly Islamic. However, the origins of the Samanid civilization were still in pre-Islamic Central Asia. Historians even point out that the ancestors of our ancestors of the Samanids were magicians who professed Zoroastrianism. Sources are not few, and they all prove the greatness of the era of the Samanid dynasty.

However, despite the fact that we have a centuries-old history behind us, some Tajik scholars today no longer attach much importance to Samanid civilization. Now it is fashionable to study the Aryan civilization, to turn to the Aryans. But not everyone thinks so. Well-known political scientist, independent expert Rashid G. Abdullo thinks otherwise.

“I think that the Samanid State should be dealt with to a greater degree, and the Aryans are something amorphous. The political burden of the Aryans is less effective. The idea of ​​a revival of the Samanids played a good role, we did not originate from scratch, on this base we grow. ”

According to Rashid G. Abdulla, an appeal to the sources is an ideological and political component of the national construction of post-Soviet Tajikistan.

“The state we are building today is a spiritual successor to an old civilization. This is an attempt to build a bridge from the past to the present and to ensure the continuity of the Tajik state with the past. Thus, try to promote the formation of a new post-Soviet identity and Tajik society. Without history it is impossible. History is the root system of the tree of Tajikistan. ”
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Khamidjanov Akmal
[email protected]
11.11.2005, Germany, Heidelberg
Pishet vam doktorand iz Germanyy, ya sam vrach-chirurg po specialnosty.Vasha statya ochen ponravilas mne. tajik- znachit narkokuryer.Iz za takih parshivih nichtojnich lyudishek kotoriye radi najivi gotovi prodat naziy narod avtoritet tajikov neto sob in your business I ni za kakiye groshi ya ne promenyayu svoi rodnoi Tajikistan.a. Ne u u i i prekrasno sdes. Ya naprimer ne mogu jit bez svoih rodnih mne ludey. tak kak mi vse ne vechni. I vsem jelayu chtob oni zenili svoih roditeley kotoriye im dali jizn, zenili tu zemlyu na kotoroi oni virosli i kitoraya ich kormila. Akmal.
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