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Magazine       "Oasis"
No. 20 (20) December 2005
No. 19 (19) December 2005
No. 18 (18) November 2005
№ 17 (17) November 2005
No. 16 (16) October 2005
№ 15 (15) October 2005
No. 14 (14) September 2005
No. 13 (13) September 2005
12 (12) August 2005
11 (11) August 2005
No. 10 (10) July 2005
No. 9 (9) July 2005
No. 8 (8) June 2005
No. 7 (7) June 2005
No 6 (6) May 2005
No 5 (5) May 2005
No. 4 (4) April 2005
No. 3 (3) April 2005
No 2 (2) March 2005
No 1 (1) March 2005
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Elena Dorokhova,
What is equal to?
Tatyana Samartseva
At one time, a deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Zhogorku Kenesh, Adakhan Madumarov, responding to a question about the country's national ideology, stated that he was against such an ideology as “Kyrgyzstan is our common home”, because, in his opinion, Kyrgyzstan is only for the Kyrgyz people, and other nations are only guests in it. This categorical statement, which at one time caused indignation of citizens of Kyrgyzstan who are not belonging to the titular nation, was a former parliamentarian, and now Vice Prime Minister Madumarov completely dispelled the myth of the “common house”, where all citizens are supposedly equal. In fact, sovereign Kyrgyzstan has always been considered, first of all, as a home for the titular nation, and all the others in it are only tenants, who have a place where the “owner” indicates. It makes no sense to blame Madumarov for the radical nature of the statements, for he voiced what was really hidden behind a beautiful democratic screen. Despite equal constitutional guarantees for representatives of all nationalities inhabiting the country, the leadership of this country and all key management posts belong a priori to the titular nation. It was before the revolution, and the situation has not changed yet.

In this regard, another myth emerges about the allegedly equal functioning of the state (Kyrgyz) and official (Russian) languages. The damage of this ideological message is felt even in the semantic characteristic of words. It seems that we are invited to find ten differences in the well-known children's game. Useless work, all the more so for a “lodger” both when applying for a job and even when promoted to the post of president of the country, a mandatory knowledge of the state language is necessary. Why, then, to pretend that the same meaning and circulation in Kyrgyzstan is also official?

Another ideology “puncture” “Kyrgyzstan is our common home” has undergone in the issue of gender equality. This is especially noticeable after the March revolution, when “suddenly” it turned out that the new Kyrgyzstan had admitted only men to the leadership - both the parliament and the cabinet of ministers are proof of that. A specialist in gender psychology, an associate professor at the Department of Psychology at the KRSU, Valentina Ivanova, sees this as a return to patriarchal attitudes and an exacerbation of male chauvinism. She believes that at this stage it is necessary to resort to a forced measure of quotas for women's participation in the process of governing the country at various levels.

The ardent opponent of the idea of ​​introducing quotas - the leader of the human rights movement “Citizens against Corruption”, Tolekan Ismailova, sees this as complete impotence of non-governmental organizations that have been working on this problem for the past few years, apparently only for a tick and laundering of grant funds.

But does this problem worry the current leadership of the country? It is curious that after the deputies of the Zhogorku Kenesh ignored all the women proposed by the president and the prime minister to the new government, Felix Kulov said that this “forces him to think a lot”. But the results of these “reflections” were very peculiar - there were no women in the new list of proposed candidates for ministerial posts. Dame entrusted only the Committee on Migration Issues. And it turns out that despite the ratified convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, which is reflected in the country's state ideology, gender parity remains a myth and is remembered only as a certain attribute of democracy.

We all remember the attempt to fill the ideological vacuum by introducing hastily into the society of the Seven Commandments of Manas. This was already a clear and overt mythologization of state ideology that caused either sarcasm or irritation in society. However, the commandments, remotely resembling the program of the CPSU, could not be so comprehensive documents. They were much more reminiscent of the moral code of the builders of communism, surprising by their similarity in many moral installations.

In February of this year, speaking at the kurultai (congress) of the people of Kyrgyzstan, ex-president Askar Akayev proposed a new ideological program “Clean Kyrgyzstan”. It envisaged a large-scale adoption of measures to ensure transparency in all spheres of life, including such concepts as “clean ecology”, “clean water”, “clean hands” in political activities, in the management of state bodies, ensuring fair and transparent elections in the country. But, above all, this program provided for the eradication of corruption and the illegal use of budgetary funds, not by force. It was assumed that this struggle will be conducted mainly among the structures of local self-government. This was another ideological myth, because, as we know today, the tentacles of corruption under the previous regime had a centralized tendency.

The current government does not mention any of the ideological programs adopted above. However, she identified the struggle with the same corruption as a priority for her activities. Without a strong ideological foundation, this installation loses its meaning and is similar to a process for the sake of a process. This is very similar to the ideological delights of the country of the Soviets, when everything was done for the sake of the ephemeral "victory of communism." But what is important is some real result. But so far no ideological tracing has been proposed to society.

Meanwhile, the implicit roll towards Islamism is imperceptibly visible. It is enough to recall the eloquent remarks of our ombudsman during the presidential election campaign, when he offered to rely on “Islamic values” as a candidate's program. Several times a day, local muezzins announce the surroundings with the voiced rendition of suras from the Quran, contrary to the rules of the hostel and the norms of public order. Recently, the deputies of the Zhogorku Kenesh, coming out to rally participants demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Kulov, took part in a public prayer.

The state secretary of the country, who, so to speak, on duty, is supposed to be engaged in the development of state ideology, has completely gone into the pagan religion of the Kipchak Turks - Tengrism. If this ancient religion once really performed the function of mobilizing and rallying nomadic peoples, today it is nothing more than an anachronism.

Meanwhile, the question whether we need a state ideology is not even worth it. Yes, I need it. The historian Kemelbek Kozhomkulov believes that only “the national idea will give specific guidelines, both for the state and for each of its citizens. It will serve as a factor mobilizing and uniting the people, a means of educating people in the spirit of patriotism and service to the fatherland. ” In his opinion, the program of the ideological revival of the nation should absorb the advanced achievements of human civilization and, without any doubt, be secular. “Kyrgyzstanis should take all the best,” said Kozhomkulov, “from Russian, German, Chinese or other nations. And this can in no way degrade our national dignity. And what do we, the Kyrgyz, at the beginning of the XXI century, under the guise of supposedly loyalty to the spirits of their ancestors, for the sake of some national originality, have to return to the era of shamanism? ”- asks the historian. Many people have similar questions in the language, but so far they have no answer.
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