On corruption in the educational system of Uzbekistan
Education in Uzbekistan has always been inextricably linked to corruption. In Soviet times, this phenomenon mainly concerned higher educational institutions, where admission and study cost certain expenses for the family budget (from 2 to 5 thousand Soviet rubles, depending on the specialization of the university). The independence of the republic has made its own adjustments, although to a greater extent this was predetermined by market relations and increasing social injustice. So it turns out that every year the volume of government grants for student places is reduced, but the commercial ones are growing at an accelerated pace.
It seemed that the market is making psychological changes - if you pay, you learn better, and you can demand more from the educational system. However, the “shadow” processes did not disappear, on the contrary, they became ordinary and customary, like rain on the street, and they manifest themselves both in secondary schools and in specialized educational institutions - former vocational schools, and now called lyceums, colleges. And everyone knows that: teachers, parents, and the younger generation itself. The market forms a new mentality: everything is bought and sold, even honor, conscience and mind. Although the mind ...
The school is somewhat simpler than in higher educational institutions; there, under the guise of material assistance to the class, parents are charged a certain amount for paint, cleaning, repair of doors, purchasing furniture, curtains, and equipment. It should be recognized that the difficult material and financial situation of schools forces their leadership to take such unpopular measures. But here it is necessary to distinguish “sponsorship” from corruption. It is known that a “tax” is also taken for the reception of a person who lives in another locality or wants to get into the elite class. For example, for admission to the popular "English" school No. 17 of Tashkent, behind the scenes, they “ask” (or will it be more correct?) $ 500, to the physical and mathematical number 50 (where cosmonaut Vladimir Dzhanibekov once studied) - from 300 and higher. The same amounts are noted in the prestigious colleges - legal, economic, medical. Even in unpopular establishments, quotas are established.
But a university is a separate category, and here you can grab your head. The amount for admission to a contractual place is from 2500 (to a technical college) to 5000 (a humanitarian profile) "green". The most quoted are legal, economic, oriental institutions, where the money "ratings" are very high, and not everyone can afford it. At the same time, it should be noted that specialties in higher education institutions also mean something, and therefore the size of “contributions” also depends on what future profession a young person chooses. For example, the professionalization of a “customs officer” or “tax inspector” is estimated higher than just a financier or merchant. To get to the place that is provided by the state grant is more expensive than the contract. Although after this the student is obliged to work out where he will be sent under the order, for example, a teacher - to a school in a distant village, and not abroad, as he would like. The contractor is his own master, and distribution is his personal headache.
It is more difficult to get into humanitarian specialties, because technical institutes require knowledge of mathematics, physics, chemistry, but here not everyone cooks a “bowler”. Of course, the limits of the dreams of many young Uzbeks and their parents is the University of World Economy and Diplomacy. There, the admission process goes through the appropriate services (SNB, they are still preparing diplomats!), And therefore the selection is tough. The percentage of non-paid people exceeds those who follow the “list”, which means that ordinary applicants who have a gray matter in their heads have chances to get on the student's bench. Westminster International University in Tashkent has the same rating. And, probably, that is why graduates of these universities have sufficient qualifications to work abroad, or quickly find positions in the republic.
Sometimes I have to hear: now the test system, and this allows you to avoid corruption. I just want to answer: "My dear, go to universities, and you will see there those who have written on their faces that it is difficult for them to multiply by two or two, or remember where Africa is." Tests are easy to get around, despite the fact that no one knows specific issues: for example, during their conduct, teachers specifically solve them in a different audience, and then enter those who “bought” a “travel card” to the university. In the past year, by the way, many people used “cell phones” and received answers directly by phone. Remember how Leonid Gaidai in the movie "Operation" S "student" Oak "received information about the synchrophasotron through the radio? Now it is - the reality of the Uzbek higher education.
The second stage is waiting for tuition. Those who have entered a contractual place do not always seek funds (the bank does not give loans, has no loan from anyone, there are no such funds). Then, instead of them are those "applicants" who have money and who have managed to climb the bar "passing" ball. It’s just that their question is not so quickly resolved, since it is necessary to show democratic foundations, to show that everyone has equal rights. It happens that a student starts his studies in December, when he was “freed up” at the expense of the poor. But this does not affect the volume of his knowledge. After all, he did not go there for them. And behind the “crust”, which will open his career or the road to the country's national resources.
Requisitions during sessions are the period of harvest. Students are skimming for absenteeism, poor knowledge, simply because they don’t like you or are accepted / right. But this is more often the case for those who acted on a pull (for money) and therefore believes that you can buy everything, including the educational process. However, this is true, because the Uzbek diploma is not always given out for knowledge, it is just a commodity (200 grams of cardboard plus a seal with signatures) on the education market, like tomatoes on a collective farm market. The exam - $ 50, coursework - from $ 20, final work - from $ 100, master's - from 200 to 400 dollars. I won’t talk about candidate and doctoral theses - prices vary from 5,000 to 10,000 “bucks” there. And these rates are known to everyone.
It also happens that a teacher enters the classroom, speaks a dachshund and leaves for an entire semester into the unknown. Occupations as such does not happen. He knows that it is easier for a student to find the required amount than to study a complex subject, especially such an ideological one, as in the works of Islam Karimov, where it’s easier to fill up. It is surprising that very few people show discontent. Everyone accepts the rules of the game, and it suits everyone. Because there are those who do not need this item at all, but there are those who do not understand this completely. By the way, this also applies to candidates for candidates and doctors of science who donate subjects made up of the ingenious works of the Uzbek president at the Academy of State and Social Construction or the National University of Uzbekistan: there the rates are simply higher.
Here it is also necessary to emphasize the distribution of financial flows: if the teacher has personal benefits from tests and exams, the process of organizing the “passing” of the right person to the university leads to the redistribution of bribes. Of course, some amount settles in the pockets of an institute official, and some goes to those who contributed to this process “from above”. And this machine is debugged as a clockwork, and there are almost no failures. In any case, no loud scandals were heard in Uzbekistan. If someone comes across, it is small fish, whales and sperm whales remain outside the inquiry of the relevant supervisory services. However, they sit in the same place ...
Nevertheless, one should not assume that all universities are 100% corrupt. No, the overwhelming majority passes all the same, based on their mental factor. However, anyone who looks into the reference book for an applicant and passes through preliminary tests will be horrified. Many questions are simply difficult to answer, because it requires not knowledge, but cramming numbers and statistical data, and here no one demands from the incoming erudition, logic, analysis, etc., that is, what could previously be demonstrated in exams. Therefore, those who have studied well can also pay money, just such a payment is in the form of a safety net - just in case. And this “just in case” is estimated at a considerable amount.
But such a situation gives rise to a backlash: disrespect for the national diploma, mistrust towards it from neighboring countries, inconvertibility in the near and far abroad. Although in Uzbekistan it does not bother anyone. The principle here is: “We are insects without a piece of paper, and a piece of paper with a piece of paper!” With this diploma, one can live only in a self-conserving republic, where conquerors, dictators and ignoramuses are revered.
All right I study in Uzb. university of world languages and see what a mess in the education system. Knowledge gives "zero", but grandmas take on terrible. Nobody is interested in what is being presented to us, sometimes a solid bullshit, and in the exam the text should be based on the works of A. Karimov. And how will you learn all this, there is only water and water, nothing concrete and correct with life?