On the day of the completion of the trial of a group of people accused of the Andijan events, the President of Uzbekistan went to Russia to sign the Union Treaty with this country. And although official commentators argue that the Union Treaty "became a logical development of all previous work aimed at strengthening cooperation between the two countries," it was the negative reaction of America and the European Union to the Andijan events that changed political sympathies towards Russia.
“The forces that unleashed the tragic events in Andijan have not calmed down today, do not get tired of plotting intrigues and spreading fabrications addressed to us in the international arena, preparing hostile actions - all this requires constant attention and vigilance from us,” said Islam Karimov before leaving in an interview to reporters.
At the same time, the European Union published a list of Uzbekistan’s leaders who were guilty of excessive use of force in suppressing the Andijan insurgency. According to the sanctions imposed, 12 top officials will be denied visits to 25 European countries. The Andijan events divided relations to Uzbekistan according to the canons of the Cold War. On the one hand, Russia and China, which supported the actions of the Uzbek government, on the other hand, the United States and Europe condemned these actions.
So, according to the new treaty, relations between Uzbekistan and Russia are becoming allied. Article 2 of the Allied Treaty states that “if an act of aggression is committed against one of the parties by any state or group of states, this will be considered an act of aggression against both sides”. Attempts to invade Uzbekistan will be equivalent to the threat to Russia, and this means that theoretically Moscow will receive an exclusive right to actively participate in the defense of Uzbekistan’s national interests.
In addition to strengthening military-technical ties, the treaty implies the expansion and deepening of bilateral cooperation in many areas, primarily in financial, economic and trade relations.
It is known that earlier Uzbekistan signed an agreement on strategic cooperation with the United States, signed after September 11, 2001. According to the treaty, Uzbekistan has long remained the main Central Asian partner in the antiterrorist coalition. America received the right to create a military base in Khanabad and tried to “believe” that the deteriorating human rights situation is an inevitable component in the fight against Islamic extremism. For this, Uzbekistan, unlike Russia, supported the US invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq.
Until recently, the Uzbek leader criticized all intergovernmental blocs in the post-Soviet space and withdrew from the Collective Security Treaty. But this time Islam Karimov’s fight against religious extremism brought the country back into Russia's arms. Uzbek commentators talk about "synchronized actions of terrorists aimed at capturing entire cities - Uzbek Andijan and Russian Nalchik" and that "at about the same time terrorist gangs tried to break into the territory of Uzbekistan and invaded Dagestan. In 1999, following the bombings on the streets of Tashkent, terrorists brought down residential buildings in Moscow. ”
The Izhtimoy Fikr sociological center quickly, as if by request, conducted research and an opinion poll showed that more than 80 percent of Uzbeks consider Russia a reliable ally. At the same time, earlier similar surveys showed a completely different result.
Uzbekistan has no development prospects. The administrative fist is tightening more and more, in parallel with the economic pressure. It is a pity such a rich and promising country. She became a completely police country. Most likely, soon there will be new brooms like Andijan. The people are already tired! People just want to live and work.
Do you know why Tashkent is at a dead end? Because, that they never got rid of the past command-administrative control system. There, in their mentality, nothing has changed - the main thing is to wait when they bring (money, gifts) and no matter if it is a local businessman or some large western company (now Russian), you don’t need to do anything extra, and as the Eastern proverb says, then you will be carried by the corpse of your enemy. While Kazakhstan was "spinning", Uzbekistan, like an un-kissed maiden, was filling its price and was waiting for - when the golden rain would pour on its economy. So I waited, - the whole train left, and you remained on the platform, gentlemen, the Tashkent "pragmatists." It’s just enough for an average person to compare - how many large projects really work in Kazakhstan and the money goes to the budget of the country and the country develops and lives at their expense, and how many such large projects in Uzbekistan are currently working? One or two, it seems. True, now Russia can still land on a railcar, and will give an impetus to the local economy following the outgoing train, but Russia and its economic problems are over the edge. Will it pull Uzbekistan, and at whose expense?