The change in the geopolitical situation in Central Asia, or rather the shift of interests of Uzbekistan from Europe and the USA to Russia and China and, conversely, these countries to official Tashkent, caused a certain reaction in the state bodies of Uzbekistan that have any relation to foreign policy. That is, a radical restructuring of the scheme of relations between government structures and international organizations patronized by the West, which is based on more stringent and strict measures, has begun.
Such a negative reaction, according to the government of Uzbekistan, is caused by discriminatory steps by the West, in particular, by the imposition of sanctions and restrictions. Official experts say that there is a violation of the sovereignty and independence of the country, interference in internal affairs, support for radical forces, extremists, seeking to overthrow the constitutional order.
The current, rigid doctrine of the government of Islam Karimov is carried out in several directions:
- diplomatic contacts;
- trade and economic environment and investments;
- military-political cooperation;
- humanitarian interchange.
The first direction involves changing diplomatic relations, for example, reducing the number of employees in the Uzbek offices of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations (MFER), the National Company Uzbektourism, the Bank for Foreign Economic Affairs, etc.
As it became known from an informed source in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the country, the process of rotation of the staff of diplomatic missions from civilians to those who represent the special services began. It is expected that up to 100% of the staff of diplomatic missions in European countries will be represented by personnel officers of the National Security Service (SNB) or the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Ministry of Defense (MO). With this, Tashkent confirms the thesis that more active intelligence work is beginning on the European continent and, possibly, it will be held in partnership with Moscow.
On the other hand, it is planned to expand the staff of the Embassy of Uzbekistan in Russia, moreover, by increasing the share of Defense Ministry employees. We are talking about the reinstatement of the post of military attache and his staff (possibly up to 4 people), who should be engaged in the deepening of military ties. The same is expected with regard to the mission in Beijing. Most likely, Tashkent intends to strengthen military-political cooperation with the countries of the SCO, that is, with the bloc opposing NATO and other European structures, and having a response pressure resource. Karimov is ready to hide under the Russian-Chinese "umbrella" from the "rain" of the requirements of the Western community.
In addition, the replacement of ambassadors in some countries that are considered the most important areas of foreign policy has begun. For example, on December 3, 2005, the Senate of Uzbekistan with its resolutions dismissed the heads of diplomatic missions in Germany (Isana Mustafayev), Tajikistan (Bakhtiyar Urdashev), Pakistan (Anvar Salihbayev), Ukraine (Ravshanbek Alimov) and France (Hamidulla Karamatov). It is known that the overwhelming majority of them were civilian officials, in particular, Karamatov was a member of the government, and Urdashev was a scientist who dealt with cultural aspects when he was a Counselor at the Embassy of Uzbekistan in Moscow.
Another matter Alimov - the former director of the Institute for Strategic and Interregional Studies under the President, and he, of course, included in the nomenclature of the National Security Service. Apparently, he was assigned new tasks in connection with his transition from Ukraine to France. What exactly - you should not guess, it is already clear, based on the specifics of his previous jobs. It is clear that Ukraine is a rebellious, according to Islam Karimov, the republic is now included in the “black lists”, and there, most likely, the new “strategist” from the National Security Service will be represented. And France is the point of contact between Tashkent and the European Union (European Parliament), where more subtle and cunning diplomacy is required. Here, the stake is on the analytical capabilities of the ambassador and the schemes of action he elaborated in detail. Perhaps Alimov will develop, in conjunction with a resident of the National Security Service, a network of experts from among French citizens.
Abdurafik Khoshimov was sent to Kuwait, and Shokasym Shoislamov was sent to Kuwait, who also carried out special missions in different periods. Shoislamov is generally known as the most cunning official who knows how to work on the contradictions between countries and get the necessary result. It was he who stood at the origins of the anti-Russian policy in the 90s, being the deputy foreign minister, and then transforming himself as ambassador to Moscow, on the contrary, he strove to get closer to Russia in spite of Western countries. It is not hard to guess that his mission in Dushanbe is Karimov's installation to come closer to his neighbor and partner in the SCO, resolving the mine problem.
Meanwhile, the hard line is observed in relation to those Western and international offices that are accredited in Uzbekistan. In October 2005, the head of the Foreign Ministry issued an order to reduce the intensity of contacts with European embassies, various US missions, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and also some UN organizations. As the source in the foreign policy department noted, the directive came from the Presidential Administration, where, as is known, the internal and foreign policy of the government is formed. Each employee who has the status of a diplomat signed in the papers that he was acquainted with the requirements of the Minister, which include the following:
- prevention of unauthorized meetings, negotiations, telephone conversations and other contacts with representatives of Western missions;
- if possible, do not respond to their written inquiries, notes, unless the top management permits it;
- the subject of negotiations, if they are insisted on, must be agreed in advance, and it is necessary to obtain consent from the higher authorities for their conduct;
- Foreign Ministry officials are not allowed to attend solemn and other events organized by Western structures, unless this is authorized by the government.
This line characterizes the position of Tashkent in relation to Western missions as a “cold world” and a tactic of “survival”.
The second direction is the reorientation of foreign trade from non-CIS countries to the CIS markets, mainly Russia and Kazakhstan, as well as the strengthening of investment expectations from China. It should be noted that Beijing is already making serious investments in Uzbekistan, Russia is developing oil and gas projects here, Kazakhstan provides preferential tariffs for transit through its territory. In the opposite direction, deliveries of cotton, metals, and energy resources are increasing, that is, what is urgently needed by new defense partners. The policy “Raw materials for protection” is practically implemented.
The volume of such relations can be determined from the statistical results of foreign trade in 2005. But already now the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations is planning for the next period the intensification of trade with the CIS countries, mainly with Russia, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan. The results of the nine months of 2005 show an increase in trade with these countries.
The third area is cooperation within the framework of integration blocks. Tashkent agreed to the merger of OCAC (Organization of Central Asian Cooperation) with Euro-AzEC (European-Asian Economic Community), which in fact implies the transition of Uzbekistan from one structure to another. The importance of the Shanghai group is growing, especially in the fight against terrorism, which now also means opposition to the “color revolutions”, “radical democracy”, “human rights”, etc.
The fourth direction is connected with the folding of non-state representations in Uzbekistan. The first "swallow" in this was the Open Society Institute - Assistance Foundation (otherwise referred to as the Soros Foundation), closed by order of the authorities in 2003. Then, in 2005, the activities of the Internews and IREX organizations involved in educational and other humanitarian programs were suspended in court.
In addition, pressure was exerted on the national “third sector”. So, those NGOs (non-governmental non-profit organizations) that received grants from Europe or the United States already felt this. The first repressions began in 2004, when, for example, authorities tried to subordinate women's movements to the Republican Women's Committee, headed by Deputy Prime Minister Svetlana Inamova. The second wave started after the events in Kyrgyzstan (March 2005) and it intensified in connection with the Andijan events (May). At that time, a huge number of NGOs were closed, and, exclusively, under compulsion. Since December 2005, the third wave has started, and it is aimed at those who did not have time or could not “break” earlier.
Islam Karimov makes it clear to foreigners and his own citizens that he will not tolerate any pressure on his regime. So, authoritarianism will intensify against the background of dying cooperation with the West.
Question to the author of the article: Is the current Ambassador of Uzbekistan in France and the ex-director of the Institute for Strategic Studies the same person? They have the same name and surname, but no middle name ...
Corruption in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs reached the highest limit, even often carried out "cleansing" does not save. The officers of the special services themselves are attracted to the shadow business. This decree - on supermode cases against European structures - is complete idiocy and insanity, but alas, it is at the state level. Normal and honest people have long gone from here and found a good job. So there are almost no normal people left. MFA is a gathering of officials close to Karimov.
I once lived in Tashkent and - thank God! - Drapanul from there on time. Because sometimes when I grow up here, I see what a sadist Karimov has done. It's terrible - the whole state is built according to the police type. The appointment is not from the mind, but from the SNB / MVD, etc. Such chinoniki think about the so-called. security, than about real affairs, prospects, they decide everything with a truncheon, and not with competent decrees and mechanisms. The farther into the forest - the more firewood - this is the essence of the development of official Uzbekistan.
I agree with the author, and a lot of things in the article say something like: "Karimov makes it clear to foreign and his own citizens that he will not tolerate any pressure on his regime." And it is especially clearly seen on the background, as he plays populism with the population. For example, now he declares that the people should live well in this country today, and just recently stated that the next generations of Uzbeks should live better than us. Something does not really fit such statements, then tomorrow, today. The desire will please the population - a good desire (especially after what happened in the spring of 2005). But words need to be answered, and with such a policy of isocialism, getting up to the posture, - that we can do without the help of the West, it is unlikely that the Uzbeks with their technological lag (and in other areas too) can enter even a hundred more or less DEVELOPING countries . It seems to me, in the same Ukraine, it was quite clear to themselves that the world and technologies are dynamically developing now, and they are unlikely to give way to a dispute with Russia over gas, and in fact, in this revenge, by turning to the West. Uzbekistan needs to REALLY enter the world economy, with its pluses and minuses, otherwise, after a not so long time, the one who resisted such a world economy (and the political alignment) will see that he is moving along the roadside of progress even by car Nexia, and the rest on the same Nexiah quickly ride comfortably along the normal road nearby and wave his hand as he passes by, without even holding a stone in his bosom. He himself made such a choice - riding on the sidelines. Draw conclusions gentlemen.