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Magazine       "Oasis"
Year
No. 24 (44) December 2006
№ 23 (43) December 2006
№ 22 (42) November 2006
№ 21 (41) November 2006
№ 20 (40) October 2006
№ 19 (39) October 2006
№ 18 (38) September 2006
№ 17 (37) September 2006
No 16 (36) August 2006
15 (35) August 2006
No. 14 (34) July 2006
№ 13 (33) July 2006
№ 12 (32) June 2006
№ 11 (31) June 2006
No 10 (30) May 2006
No 9 (29) May 2006
№ 8 (28) April 2006
№ 7 (27) April 2006
No. 6 (26) March 2006
No. 5 (25) March 2006
№ 4 (24) February 2006
№ 3 (23) February 2006
№ 2 (22) January 2006
№ 1 (21) January 2006
THE AUTHORS
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on       journal [PDF]:
Oleg Panfilov,
project Manager,
panfilov[at]cjes.ru

Dmitry Alyaev,
chief editor,
alyaev[at]cjes.ru

Roman Zyuzin,
webmaster,
webmaster [at] cjes.ru

Adil Dzhalilov,
Kazakhstan,
adild[at]list.ru

a diamond stylus,
Kyrgyzstan,
citizen2005[at]yandex.ru

Nargis Zokirova,
Tajikistan
zokirova77 [at] mail.ru

Representative Names
in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan
not disclosed

Lyudmila Burenkova,
technical editor,
lyuda [at] cjes.ru

Elena Dorokhova,
design,
inwork[at]frw.ru
Private hajj
Kamatovna Sharipova (OSH)
The scandal ended in 2006 with a hajj for Muslims of Kyrgyzstan. The organization of pilgrimage in Kyrgyzstan is carried out by private entities related to the Spiritual Administration of the Muslims of the republic.

Pilgrims who traveled by land through the Kazakh steppes and the Astrakhan region of Russia were late for the beginning of the pilgrimage from two to six days. According to Samar-ajy Berdiyev, it is necessary to arrive a week before the beginning of the Hajj. Pilgrims from Kyrgyzstan arrive right next to visiting Mount Arafat, having missed seven days of special prayer (tavof). All this is due to the fact that the organization of the Hajj, according to him, is carried out by disparate, unrelated private structures. Practically, the hajj in such cases happens to be broken

This year, pilgrims had to get to Mecca via Astrakhan, because Turkmenistan refused to let pilgrims cross its border. The same obstacles built and Uzbekistan. Very many had to return because of the severe frosts in Russia back home, having suffered great material and moral losses. The increase in the number of pilgrims does not affect the rise in price of travel to Mecca. Air ticket costs about $ 1,800, and the cost of tickets for land road transport is $ 800. Recently, the whole families began to go to Hajj, and the composition of pilgrims became younger. More often began to perform the Hajj women. The performance of the Hajj has become the “honor” of each family professing Islam.

This year, according to some sources, ninety buses with pilgrims left the country. Because of its cheapness, ground transportation is the most popular among pilgrims, as indicated by the number of buses leaving for Mecca. Of these, only three cars reached the destination. According to a source in the Spiritual Board of Muslims of the Kyrgyz Republic who wished to remain anonymous, law enforcement agencies removed 130 people from Uzbekistan and China with fake Kyrgyz passports from buses and airplanes.

Considering that in Kyrgyzstan it is easier to issue travel documents for hajj, last fall last year, authoritative Sheikh Sadikzhan Kamaluddin, the head of the International Center for Islamic Cooperation in Osh, tried to obtain permission from the Saudi Arabian authorities to issue entry visas to third-country nationals in Kyrgyzstan.

Another problem was that the collection of money and documents went without taking into account the quota of the Kyrgyz Republic. Over two thousand pilgrims could not perform the hajj, although the money ($ 800 per person) was collected from them. The official answer is that the quota of Kyrgyzstan for 2006 has been exhausted. Why the quota did not know the Spiritual Administration of the Muslims of the country and its units in the regions remains unclear. By the way, the quota of Kyrgyzstan this year was 4,500 pilgrims, but the organizers of the pilgrimage managed to arbitrarily arrange documents for seven thousand pilgrims. According to others, it was five and a half thousand. The annual quota for the number of pilgrims from different countries is determined by the organization of the Islamic Congress and amounts to a thousand pilgrims for every million believers.

According to official figures, since 1991, over 20,000 citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic have made the hajj. Only in 2004, four thousand pilgrims left Kyrgyzstan for the hajj. Of the five pilgrims, four are from the southern regions of Kyrgyzstan.

Another problem was that Haji-Bashi (leaders or organizers of the Hajj) turned the pilgrimage into their private business, trying to establish implementation in the "holy places" highly valued mountain honey and rice in Saudi Arabia. Why did the rest of the pilgrims have to wait from twenty to fifty days, waiting for Haji-Bashi not to sell all the goods brought. MP Davran Sabirov also stresses that today the organization of the Hajj is almost at the mercy of individuals. “We need structural changes in the organization of the Hajj. Maybe it is worth creating a public committee that would deal with the organization of the hajj. In general, state control is needed, ”MP Sabirov added.

Big problems arose when crossing the state border of Saudi Arabia, when it turned out that some pilgrims had incorrectly issued travel documents or even those were missing. According to the aksakal, the chairman of the Karasuy district kenesh of war and labor veterans Abidjan Tadjibaev, all this speaks of flagrant violations of human rights.

Also, last year, the country's parliament actively lobbied its decision to give the organization of the Hajj to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyzstan. What fiercely opposed, the head of the Muslims of the republic Muratali-ajy Zhumanov, ironically emphasizing - "In the case of transfer of this function under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, even then, and conducting namaz, urazy pass on to them."

In January of this year, the government decided to control everything and take it into its own hands. What this means, as long as no one knows, everything will be clear during the organization of the next hajj. In the meantime, the state commission on religious affairs under the Kyrgyz government is more concerned about the so-called “export” of radical religious ideas and movements under the guise of organizing the hajj. According to the adviser to the chairman of this commission, Shamshi Zakirova, the muftiyat cannot cope with the tasks assigned to them in organizing the Hajj, and here it is necessary that the government finally take everything under control. Here is what Avazbek Asanov, dean of theology faculty at Osh State University, says in this connection:

“If in Kyrgyzstan religion is separated from the state, then this does not mean that everyone except the state should deal with the organization of the Hajj. It is not right. For the state, pilgrimage is not a secondary issue. If they talk about us badly, the image of the country suffers. Licenses are issued, but how are they issued? The money from the Hajj falls into the personal pocket of the tour leader, bypassing the pocket of the state. There is a need to learn from the experience of other countries, in particular, Turkey, where a religious committee has been established and profits go to this special fund. ”

According to Samar-ajy Berdiyev, the experience of the Russian Spiritual Board of Muslims deserves attention, where special institutions have been created to organize the Hajj. And all actions are regulated on the basis of the "Pilgrim Guidebook" of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the relevant legislation of the Russian Federation.

Considering that the organization of pilgrimages in Kyrgyzstan was in private hands, no one (!) Knew how many pilgrims actually go to Saudi Arabia to perform the Hajj. How many Kyrgyz citizens go directly and how many citizens of other countries? How many pilgrims arrive in Mecca by charter flights, and how many by land. There are more questions than answers. Due to the fact that private organizations were engaged in the organization of Hajj, and elementary control was not conducted now it is difficult to realistically assess the scale of the problem.
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