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No. 24 (44) December 2006
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THE AUTHORS
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on       journal [PDF]:
Oleg Panfilov,
project Manager,
panfilov[at]cjes.ru

Dmitry Alyaev,
chief editor,
alyaev[at]cjes.ru

Roman Zyuzin,
webmaster,
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Adil Dzhalilov,
Kazakhstan,
adild[at]list.ru

a diamond stylus,
Kyrgyzstan,
citizen2005[at]yandex.ru

Nargis Zokirova,
Tajikistan
zokirova77 [at] mail.ru

Representative Names
in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan
not disclosed

Lyudmila Burenkova,
technical editor,
lyuda [at] cjes.ru

Elena Dorokhova,
design,
inwork[at]frw.ru
Pilgrims in captivity
Soleh Johnev (Samarkand)
The people call him Maruf-Handa. Handa is not his last name, it is the name of a Tajik satirical program and the Samarkand television theater group of the same name. Maruf there played a variety of images. Heroes - his contemporaries. In his roles, Tajik-speaking viewers recognized themselves, their neighbors, and most importantly their shortcomings. The viewers loved him.

“Look, what happy times we were photographed” - the artist recalls the video recordings.

Maruf today is repairing its truck. To prepare for a long journey, he will soon go to Russia. But, not on tour. He is lucky cargo merchants. The rehearsal for the artist of the only Tajik theater troupe in Samarkand, performances on television and concerts was replaced by a large truck, which he has been traveling to in different countries for four years.

Maruf says this is his first interview after closing the show and his favorite theater, Handa. Seeing the microphone, the artist revived.

“Everyone gathered around TVs and waited for the“ Handa ”to begin. I often had to hear funny stories, such as the way women left a cauldron with hot oil, and almost had a fire. Mistresses forgotten, turn off the iron, and burned out clothes. Our viewers were so fanatical, it was like that, ”recalls the artist of the Tajik program.

Rehearsals, concerts, weddings and television performances. Here the actors felt popular love.

“I have seen many programs of our television, I have been on the air for only a year, at the most two years. Our program did not leave the screens for 10 years. The people watched us with pleasure ”- with his hands soiled with motor oil and with a wrench in his hands Maruf recalls the former glory of the theater, which was created by graduates of the Tajik Theater Institute.

Maruf, a resident of the Samarkand region, where the Tajiks mainly live. The Tajiks of Uzbekistan are here indigenous. At the beginning of the last century, they fell under the jurisdiction of Uzbekistan as a result of the formation of national Soviet republics. According to official data, today more than two million Tajiks live in Uzbekistan. Most of them are in Samarkand and Bukhara.

Five young Samarkand artists prepared the very satirical program “Handa” that gained people's love in 10 years. Maruf remained in Samarkand, not as an artist, but as a driver simply, everyone else has left for other countries and also not by profession.

“When you walk down the street, the audience stops and asks why they don’t show the Handa program. I answer them that we have grown stout and do not fit in the TV ”- the artist laughs. “I tell them: first, you will all buy large home theaters then we will perform on TV. What do you think? They demand. But they don't understand our problem, ”says the actor.

At the beginning of the 2000s. there was a departure from the air of the only Tajik program. In the opinion of human rights activists, it was in those years that discrimination began against local Tajiks and Tajik culture. In Samarkand educational institutions, faculties and groups of instruction in the Tajik language were sharply reduced.

“You will notice that in the Samarkand region until 2003 there were 500 purely Tajik schools. And now there is not a single Tajik school. The authorities are talking about friendship between Uzbeks and Tajiks, about their equal rights, but in reality, this is not so, ”said human rights activist and chairman of the cultural unregistered Tajiks center“ Samarkand ”, Professor Jamol Mirsaidov. In addition, according to the human rights activist, there are other problems, such as difficulties associated with entering into the passport a line on nationality for Tajiks.

“The authorities are trying to change the balance of the inhabitants for the benefit of the Uzbeks,” Mirsaidy said. People's Artist of Tajikistan Burkhon Razhabov was born in Samarkand. 37 years after working in Tajikistan after retirement, he decided to return home. He was going to pass on his experience and talent to young talents in his native Samarkand. About 15 young actors played in the play "Husa" (Manikensha), staged by the play of Samarkand author Adash Ystad. Immediately after the premiere performance banned.

“I have been retired for 15 years, but I still dream of playing at least a small role in Samarkand. I have a lot of experience, experience. But the theater, where I could do it, is not here, ”says the people's artist. There are several Uzbek drama theaters and one Russian in Samarkand. But there was no money in the budget for the Tajik theater.

“I do not know the Turkish-Uzbek language and I have problems with the Russian language in order to be in demand in Samarkand,” complains Burkhon Razhabov.

Razhabov was interested in the fate of the actors who played in his performances. Many of them work as laborers in Kazakhstan, in Russia. Burkhon himself considers himself lucky, as he studied acting in Tashkent. And he gained his fame in Tajikistan - then, under the Union, these borders between the republics did not yet exist. According to the head of the cultural center of the Tajik and Tajik-speaking peoples of Samarkand, associate professor Abduvahob Vokhidov, it is time to create a Tajik theater in Samarkand. As Vokhidov notes, the theater educates, concentrates the people, determines the culture of the people. Recalling the experience of "Hand" Vohidov noted the following:

“We had a group of students who graduated from the Tajik Theater Institute, organized the Khanda group on Samarkand TV, but in recent years this program has disappeared. But, of course, there are various factors of the disappearance of these programs, including economic ones. ”

The creative group "Handa", eventually, began to work for foreign tourists, where it found its audience. Here is what the actor of this theater, Maaruf, recalls about the goals of the folklore ensemble:

“A folk ensemble was created in the Registan. For more than an hour, we spoke to foreigners. We wanted to show the art, culture and customs of the peoples of Uzbekistan for the whole world. We succeeded. "

It seemed that they began to earn money, and that they no longer need to think about financial problems. But behind the scenes, the Tajik program director was banned from working with us. Together with the director, not the destiny turned out to be actors who speak the Tajik language.

“Brother helped me. He told me to take a car and earn a living. Before this, I never drove trucks. Now I am also speaking when I drive, stop, perform my etude. My viewers are helpers, I am glad when they laugh. I'm still an actor. ”

Another joy of the actor when they gather for a family dastarkhan. Each time at such a feast, the nephews arrange a show of their etudes. Yes, and for advice, of course, turn to the artist, who became the driver.
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Nosirov X.F.
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08.09.2006, Tajikistan, Istaravshan (Uroteppa)
K sojaleniyu vse visheskazannoe yavlyaetsya tolko kapelkoy v bolshom okeane pritesneniy po otnosheniyu k tadjikam v Uzbekistane. Na moy vzglyad edinstvennim vihodom iz takoy situacii yavlyaetsya borba neposredstvenno samih tadjikov, projivayushih naoritoriiiiaaa i ala slava Allahu mnogo.Ya za vas moi bratya tadjiki!
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