More than a year ago, on June 11, 2004, by the decision of the Commission on Chemical Safety of the Republic of Tajikistan, the List of Chemicals and Biologicals Permitted for Use in the Republic of Tajikistan was approved. The list also contains a highly dangerous substance that is used as a chemical weapon - sarin.
The Commission on Chemical Safety of the Republic of Tajikistan was formed by a government decree of March 3, 2003. A little later, another government resolution “On the approval of the Statute on Chemical Safety of the Republic of Tajikistan” was issued. The commission was entrusted with the right to approve the above-mentioned “List ...”, making changes and additions to it. In accordance with the approved regulation of the commission, a working group was formed, which consists of representatives of key ministries and departments, nature conservation bodies, health care, agriculture, and drug control services. It was the members of this Working Group that developed and approved the “List of Chemicals and Biological Preparations Allowed for Use in the Republic of Tajikistan”, which, in addition to sarin, also included a number of hazardous chemicals, which still cause bewilderment among leading specialists and conscientious officials. .
Jalil Buzurukov, Head of the Scientific Information Center of the Interstate Commission for Sustainable Development and Advisor to the Chairman of the State Committee for Environmental Protection and Forestry of the country, commenting on the issue of the “List ...” said: “Probably, this is someone’s evil joke. I don’t even have words to explain how it was compiled and approved. ”
What “strategic issues” can motivate the need to use such substances in Tajikistan? Allowing the use of, for example, sarin, according to many scientists and specialists, is extremely dangerous. One gram of sarin is enough to poison a few dozen people indoors. Its use, as a poisonous substance, in conducting terrorist acts has already been observed in Japan. And this is despite the fact that this country has a much more powerful system of chemical control and safety. Special concern among specialists is the limited potential of the republic in responding to the scale and nature of possible emergencies and known risks associated with such highly dangerous chemicals. Most of the infrastructure (laboratories, special containers, safety conditions, etc.) that ensured earlier chemical safety was destroyed and today is in a deplorable state. The republic is simply unable to provide all the necessary conditions for the safe transportation, storage and use of such substances.
The members of the Commission on Chemical Safety shocked everyone not only with their approval to import sarin and other hazardous chemicals into the republic, but also the lack of elementary professionalism. When naming some chemical compounds, household terms are used, and in some cases there is a discrepancy in the nomenclature of chemical substances.
“The list of chemicals and biological products permitted for use in the Republic of Tajikistan”, which was the result of the work of the Commission on Chemical Safety, indicates that there are no real specialists in the field of chemistry among its members.
“Judging by the number of grammatical and other errors made, the“ List ... ”was developed by people who have an indirect attitude towards chemistry. The “List ...” is a document which, for some reason, includes extremely dangerous substances that are prohibited in other countries, but at the same time a lot of fairly harmless chemicals have not entered, which are widely used both in everyday life and in industry, ”says Mukhamadsho Kukaniev, Doctor of Chemistry, Professor, Head of the Laboratory of the Institute of Chemistry. V.I. Nikitin of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan.
If you follow the "List ...", then, in fact, it can be stated that the Commission on Chemical Safety has given the "green light" in order to turn the republic into a warehouse, or simply into a landfill, of especially dangerous chemicals banned in other states. It is obvious that there will be those who are very necessary and very profitable to dispose of their chemical waste. They will always be happy to “remove” them in “third” countries, especially if they provide all the conditions for this.
According to experts of the environmental organization "Radi Zemlya", this document includes 12 pages. It is signed anonymously, contrary to the existing rules of office work. On the last page, only about a dozen hard-to-read signatures without printed surnames, first names and positions. It includes such toxic substances as, for example, sarin (N-15), a compound which is a nerve agent, was used as a chemical weapon; methyl alcohol (N-19), which requires a special permit and special conditions for delivery to the place of use; Chloropicrin (N-53), a tear gas, a World War I toxic agent and other chemicals and compounds.
"The list ..." is still unchanged, which means that all residents of the country are at grave risk, which was sanctioned by those holding responsible positions. This document was discussed in passing through a series of workshops organized by government environmental agencies. There are a number of statements of public servants about the situation that has developed around the issue of the "List ...".
In turn, Lyudmila Bobrytskaya, a specialist in chemistry and employee of the coordination office of the project “Implementation of the preparation of the National Implementation Plan for the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Republic of Tajikistan”, having reviewed the “List ...”, said that “currently The world knows over 18 million artificial synthetic substances. From 50 to 120 thousand of them are actually used for industrial and scientific purposes. Therefore, it is not entirely clear why the “List ...” contains only 270 chemical compounds. Does this mean that everything else is forbidden? And what about potassium chloride, barium chloride, phosphoric acids and many hundreds of other chemical compounds that have been used and continue to be used in industry and for research purposes in Tajikistan? ”
The authors and developers of the list also decided to include in the list of chemicals and biological preparations and those especially dangerous chemicals that were banned in the USSR.
Alihon Latifi, head of the branch of the Regional Environmental Center for Central Asia in Tajikistan, expressing his point of view about this problem, said: “I believe that the information about both the“ List ”and its developers should be published in the media and become public the general public. The people should know “their heroes” if not by face, then at least by name. ” The print media, in fact, ignored the information received. The official position of the government has not yet been announced.