The new government in Kyrgyzstan believes that HIV prevention is a top priority in the country. This was stated in an interview with the national TV channel by First Deputy Prime Minister Adakham Madumarov, stressing that promoting healthy lifestyles among the younger generation, a frank dialogue with young people will have more effect than other events. Narcologist, leader of the Master of Joy public foundation Larisa Katsura believes that prevention is the main way to fight HIV today, until they invented the vaccine, so doctors and teachers need to work closely through education.
But, one such attempt at education in Kyrgyzstan turned into a scandalous skirmish between a certain committee to protect the honor and dignity of the Kyrgyz people and the Republican Center for AIDS Prevention. The latter were accused of promoting debauchery and pornography. All the fuss came from the book "On a Healthy Lifestyle". By the way, then, the actions of this committee were supported by the then Minister of Education Ishengul Boldzhurova. The honor of the "people" was estimated at $ 125 thousand.
While in society they are arguing about the “cost of the honor and dignity of the people”, the number of HIV-infected people is growing every year. According to official data, in 2005, 807 officially registered HIV cases were detected in Kyrgyzstan, of which 52 were AIDS cases. Non-governmental organizations that are studying this problem, it is advised to multiply this figure by 10 in order to get the “true,” in their opinion, data.
The peak occurred in 2002 - more than 160 cases of officially registered HIV infection. More than 67% of the total number of HIV-infected people fall in the age group of 20-34 years. Males make up 86%, females 14% of the total. According to official data, the most common way of infection is through blood or injecting drug use, which is 83%. According to UNDP experts in the Kyrgyz Republic, an unfavorable moment is that Kyrgyzstan is located on the main drug trafficking route from Afghanistan. Through the Osh region, drugs enter Russia, then to the countries of Eastern Europe. This factor contributes to the rapid spread of HIV in the south of the country, according to international experts.
By the way, speaking of UNDP and other UN structures over the past five years have spent $ 5 million to fight AIDS in Kyrgyzstan. For five years, statistics on HIV-infected people in the country have grown.
At the same time, the sexual way of HIV infection has been little studied and has not been studied, although the official authorities and law enforcement agencies are focusing on the growth of prostitution and sex traffic in Kyrgyzstan. Another feature of Kyrgyzstan is that religious organizations are involved in the fight against AIDS. At the same time, it should be noted that it was not the first year for international and local public organizations dealing with the problem of HIV prevention in Kyrgyzstan to talk about this openly and jointly solve the problems that arose. With the support of international organizations, the NGO Hadisa under the project HIV / AIDS Prevention Among Religious Vulnerable Groups (Women and Girls), conducted 12 studies among Muslim women. According to the press secretary of the Ministry of Health of Kyrgyzstan, Elena Bayalinova, currently two studies have been conducted. According to their preliminary data, out of thirty women and girls, only eight have information about HIV / AIDS, the rest of the respondents “have not heard anything and do not know about it.” Two of them even began to resent the very formulation of the question, and refused to talk on this topic. At the same time, the head of the center of morality and ethics "Dil-Murog \ Pure Soul" Ozubek-azhy declared his support for the activities of the NGO "Hadith". Although previously Muslim priests were even afraid to utter the word "condom" out loud. On private television channels in the south of Kyrgyzstan, advertising condoms and other contraceptives is still unofficially prohibited. If such advertising still appears on television, then in a highly veiled form.
According to international experts, the main impact of HIV in Kyrgyzstan will be on young people. Permanent Representative of UNICEF in Kyrgyzstan Richard Young says: “HIV / AIDS is getting younger every year. And this is not only in Kyrgyzstan, this global situation. And more and more young people aged 17-25 are becoming infected with HIV / AIDS. At the same time, the number of intravenous drug users is constantly increasing in Kyrgyzstan with a severe socio-economic situation, and this is one of the most common ways of transmitting HIV / AIDS. ”
The Anti-AIDS Center in Bishkek and Naryn Oblast conducted a sociological survey aimed at finding out the awareness of citizens about HIV / AIDS and the problems of its growth and spread. The population of Bishkek and Naryn oblast was taken as a focus group. Socio-psychological characteristics and behavior of the population when discussing the problem of AIDS were studied with particular attention. As a result, it became clear that young men and women in the countryside and city dwellers need more knowledge. Rural youth need information most of all, but how to convey it? To this end, international organizations are going to involve religious structures, imams and authoritative clerics. While they are reluctant to make contact.
I think that this problem will always be with us, because this topic includes so many problems concerning not only the problems of public health and drug transit, but also much more serious issues of a political nature.