Since 1990, the problem of providing clean drinking water to rural residents has grown from year to year, and today is one of the acute social problems. A simple example shows that if in 1990 the indicator of providing quality drinking water to rural residents was 72%, then since 1991, due to the lack of technical support and financing, the whole industry has declined. As a result of this, by 2000 this indicator dropped to 20%, or in other words fell 3.6 times.
In order to improve this situation, the Government of Kyrgyzstan, together with foreign investors, in particular with the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, developed the Taza Suu project in the total amount of $ 70.0 million. In addition, $ 6.25 million allocated by the International Development Department, also , it was decided to send for these purposes.
At the same time, the project stipulated that 5% of the total expenditure was incurred by the residents of the rural area themselves, and local local authorities began collecting money. However, to this day, not all places have completed this work, construction and technical works have not been carried out, and today the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Management has an urgent need to return the 38 million soms collected for this purpose. According to the head of the Department of Water Supply under the Ministry, Nurmamat Mullakeldiev, about half of the collected money was used, but another 17.5 million soms are still missing, because these funds were also used for those villages that did not collect money. Therefore, within six months they need to be restored.
At government meetings, it was repeatedly noted that many construction companies that won tenders for construction work had neither elementary construction equipment, nor offices, nor telephones, and that having spent huge amounts of money, the work was not completed.
The head of the project of the Asian Development Bank, Roberto Lo Chigero Vayna, noted that in our country it was too easy to get a license and therefore many construction contractors with whom contracts were concluded existed only on paper, and it should not be so. Of the 55 organizations operating in 102 plots, 22 organizations were excluded from the project, and contracts with them were broken.
Launched at the initiative of international donors, this project has too many problems that were not taken into account during its development. To this day, there is no exact information about the funds collected from the people, the exact map or the work plan, and many of the populations in dire need of water have been left out of the project’s attention - all this cannot but cause discontent among the people.
As the Minister of Economy and Finance Akylbek Zhaparov said: “If the work is not completed on time and in accordance with the requirements, then the next tranche in the amount of $ 60 million can be ignored.”
According to information provided by the Social Policy Committee of the Jogorku Kenesh of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, most of the water supply pipes in the republic are urgently subject to updating or overhaul, the depreciation period of the water purification and disinfection equipment has long expired.
In many areas, water is consumed without prior purification, as there are simply no water treatment facilities. Because of this, the residents of the republic, mainly in rural areas, do not reduce the pathology of infectious diseases, which is 20-30% of common diseases. (In 2004, 240 thousand people - 710 cases). For 8 years, 120,150 cases of dysentery have been reported in the republic.
Unfortunately, the implementation of the Taza Suu program in almost all corners of the republic was flawed and miscalculated, which causes discontent among the population. When signing contracts by the government and banks, local conditions, inflation and other conditions were not taken into account. And the tender was won only by those contractors who offered the lowest prices. Today, the government refers to the fact that all these are mistakes of the previous composition of the government. Insufficient study of contractors, their technical equipment and professional skills and experience led to the fact that the lowest price offer was the main reason for selecting contractors for the project.
Residents of some villages of Osh, Jalal-Abad and Chui oblasts repeatedly sent collective statements and grievances that it was not only that the work was not carried out on time, and not qualitatively, the water supply is carried out on an irregular basis. Therefore, in many places, residents refuse to pay for water.
In the village of Saylyk, Chui district of Chui oblast, electricity supply has recently been cut off, and local residents were forced to refuse to use water. In turn, due to late payment for water by residents, no measures for chlorination and water purification are carried out.
Also, in the summer period there is watering of the plots with water from the tap, which leads to the fact that there is always no water in the water supply system.
All these problems should be in the center of attention of the heads of district and oblast administrations, heads of local governments, and along with control, it is necessary to carry out explanatory work among the population, which is also important.
For 5 years, the Taza Suu project has been implemented under the financing of the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank, at the completion of which, about 600 villages and villages would be provided with clean drinking water, which would be about half of the republic’s population. $ 70 million has already been spent, and for the full implementation of the project, Kyrgyzstan is requesting another $ 60 million from international financial organizations.