The opposition Social Democratic Party of Tajikistan (SDPT), which did not go to the parliament, stated that its activists are being subjected to political persecution. On 12 March, the former candidate for deputy from the SDPT, Nizomiddin Begmatov, and his authorized representative, also a member of the SDPT, Nasim Shukurov, were detained by law enforcement agencies of the Dzhabborrasulovsky district of the Sogd region of Tajikistan. After 3 days, the district attorney sanctioned their arrest. The detainees are accused of 5 articles of the Criminal Code, in particular, insulting a representative of the authorities, knowingly false denunciation, slander and hooliganism. The reason for the detention of the Social Democrats was the statement of the chairman of the district court Homijon Muhammadiev. According to the leader of the SDPT, Rakhmatillo Zoyirov, the case against Begmatov and Shukurov was fabricated on the basis of false testimony of the judge. The fact is that even during the election campaign, the detainees repeatedly appealed to judge Muhammadiyev with a complaint about the illegal actions of the district election commission. However, the judge never accepted the applications of Begmatov and Shukurov. Moreover, according to Zoyirov, Mukhammadiyev publicly insulted SDPT members and threatened them with violence. But the judge has a different version of what happened. Mukhammadiyev claims that it was not he, but they (members of the SDPT) who had insulted him, using obscene words to not only him personally, but also “the entire judicial system of Tajikistan”.
Zoyirov has no doubt that the case is political. According to the leader of the SDPT, the intensification of the persecution of the Social Democrats is felt in other regions of the republic. A similar criminal case “on the facts of a decade ago” has already been filed against another SDPT member, Fayzullo Zandzhirbekov, who was a confidant of the former Social Democratic candidate Amniyat Abdulnazarov. “We have information that a lot of materials are being prepared against other members of our party. Their only fault is that they are members of the SDPT, ”says Zoyirov.
The Social Democrats intend to defend their members and supporters by all methods provided by law. By the way, the SDPT is the only party that, the very next day after the parliamentary elections, announced the possibility of organizing rallies and marches in defense of the rights of their voters. Recall that according to official data, more than 74% of the vote in the elections received the presidential People's Democratic Party. The parliament also included 4 representatives of the Communist Party and two - the Islamic Renaissance Party (IRPT). The 5% barrier failed to overcome the SDPT, Socialist and Democratic parties. Together with the Communists, Democrats and the Islamic Revival Party, the Social Democrats issued a statement in which all 4 parties cited specific facts of violations and falsifications and demanded that the Central Election Commission hold repeat elections in Dushanbe. Otherwise, the Communist Party and the IRPT even threatened to surrender deputy mandates. However, soon both parties corrected their "loud" statements, explaining that the decision to withdraw representatives from parliament should be taken at the congress. The SDPT took an uncompromising position - the party did not recognize the official results of voting throughout the republic, and the new parliament Zoyirov called them not legitimate.
The response to Zoyirov’s critical speeches was not long in coming. In the first half of March, publications appeared in several republican weekly newspapers aimed at creating a negative image of the head of the SDPT. As Zoyirov himself says, the fact that all of them are signed by the fictitious names of non-existent SDPT members and unknown independent journalists, allegedly condemning Zoyirov’s position on elections, speaks about the ordered nature of these articles. The leaders of the SDPT are “reproached” with calls for extremism.
However, according to some observers, the question regularly raised by Zoyirov about the non-legitimacy of being the acting head of state causes even more serious irritation among the authorities. “The activities of the Social Democratic Party itself do not pose a threat to the party of power. Under current conditions, the SDPT cannot act effectively, spread its convictions, since it does not have its own press organ, does not have access to other media, it does not have primary organizations in the largest population of the Khatlon region. But Zoyirov occasionally speaks and makes statements not in favor of the president, in particular, reminds that his tenure is not legitimate, ”notes independent political analyst Nurali Davlatov.
Meanwhile, the leader of the SDPT still declares falsification of the voting results, distortion of the will of the people and readiness to appeal to international justice. However, in the current socio-political realities of Tajikistan, such zeal for establishing the rule of law is ineffective, says Iskandar Asadullayev, president of the Simurg Information and Research Center. “Tajik Social Democracy is at an impasse, trying to achieve full implementation of the laws. We must pay tribute to the Tajik opposition, and in this its wisdom was expressed that she, especially after the elections, did not think to blackmail with the start of a new war or with some unrest and did not allow any thoughts about unconstitutional actions. But you need to be patient - it is impossible to do today or tomorrow that requires many months or years of work ... We need to work among people so that over time they can express the interests of this party ... ”, the expert concluded.
According to RIA “Novosti”, according to the data of the Central Election Commission of Tajikistan, the ruling People’s Democratic Party (NDPT) of the country won the majority in the newly elected parliament. She received 17 seats (74.9%) in party and 32 seats in single-mandate constituencies. Four seats in the lower house of the Parliament of Tajikistan (Majlisi Namoyandagon) were received by the Communist Party - 13.64% (three on the party list - one in a single-mandate district), two - the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan, - 8.94%. Of the elected deputies - 11 women, all members of the PDPT. In addition, five non-partisan self-promoted candidates became deputies. Three parties that have not overcome the 5% barrier will not be represented in parliament - this is the Democratic Party - 1.73%, the Social Democratic Party - 0.5% and the Socialist Party - 0.3%.
In the elections, 170 candidates were registered, of whom, for various reasons, 38 candidates were removed. 135 candidates took part in the elections. 2,953 polling stations were organized in the country and abroad, the number of registered voters was 3,132,072 people, 2,900,426 voters took part in the elections - 92.6% of the total number. Six political parties participated in the elections - the People’s Democratic Party, the Communist Party, the Islamic Renaissance Party, the Social Democratic Party, the Democratic Party, the Socialist Party.
The election was observed by 445 international observers, 209 from the CIS, 166 from the OSCE, and 12 thousand national observers.