Today it is quite difficult to say anything about Uzbek human rights protection. The human rights defense of Uzbekistan is possibly very different from that of other countries. Here are completely different conditions, a different attitude, and finally a different level. By the way, it is the level of local human rights that sometimes gives a strong slap in the face to the very right protection, but more on that later.
Human rights activities themselves in Uzbekistan, was born in the early 90s. It was then that the opposition’s supporters, who were under strong pressure from the newly-formed government, in order to protect their interests, as well as the interests of their associates, decided to create a human rights movement. It is clear that the organization created by the opposition could not find support from the authorities, which by then had developed its own plan of struggle against the opposition. And therefore, it is easy to imagine how the activities of human rights defenders in Uzbekistan have proceeded over the years and what it has to do now.
The biggest problem (according to many human rights defenders, this problem was introduced specifically) in human rights in Uzbekistan has always been and remains a disagreement in approaches and opinions and sometimes open confrontation, sometimes turning into physical measures to clarify the relationship. This can be said the most global problem of Uzbek human rights. Offended at each other, human rights activists broke off relations and created new organizations, where disagreements and confrontations turning into public speeches with offensive intonation also took place.
It was this problem that later caused chaos among human rights defenders, and they gradually began to lose the most basic goal of their activities and more time was spent on anti-propaganda activities of their, so to speak opponents. Any attempt to unite efforts in the name of a single goal ended in failure. This suited the authorities, who in human rights defenders still saw their opponents.
Of course, it’s impossible to say that human rights activists are completely carried away with the clarification of relationships. Even in this confusion, there were human rights defenders who did not forget about their original task and tried to accomplish it to the extent possible. True, their desire to alleviate someone's problem, rather gave the opposite effect. That is, as usual, people who turned to human rights defenders for help had new problems that sometimes were simply not in their power to solve. Not because they did not know how to do it, but because they could not do it, for the simple reason that their aspirations did not find support from the authorities. And without this, as we know, the wagon cannot be moved.
Left alone with himself and therefore lame human rights defenses, very soon she found the support she needed from abroad. This support has somewhat eased the work of human rights defenders. Funds appeared, and human rights activists finally had the opportunity to go to the field, to hold events aimed at improving their skills. This began to seriously alarm the authorities. Since, finally, the Uzbek human rights activists realized that sometimes, in order to achieve their goal, you need to be demanding. So they began mass picketing of buildings of individual structures. At the beginning, these were the city and regional khakimiyats (city halls), then the ministries, mainly the Ministries of Justice and Internal Affairs, the Republican Prosecutor’s Office and the Supreme Court, and finally the office of the President of the country. Holy of holies, where such an event was treated with nervousness.
In general, nervousness was felt everywhere, that is, in any administrative building where the pickets took place. Small fights were organized, the occurrence of which made it possible for law enforcement agencies to make arrests. The most active human rights defenders began to pursue, around the clock surveillance was conducted at their homes.
In fairness it should be noted that there were moments when the authorities tried to establish contact with human rights activists. Several human rights organizations were officially registered, but even so, their activities were closely monitored, and employees of registered societies continued to be arrested on trumped-up charges. Together with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic and human rights defenders of the country, a working group for rapid response against torture and illegal arrests was created. But this group has broken up, having done nothing substantial. The torture continued, as did the illegal arrests.
There were even cases of attacks on human rights defenders, and none of these cases were disclosed, as well as all other attacks. In the regions, human rights defenders are expelled from their homes, set fire to their homes, beat their loved ones, secretly take them out and secretly condemn them for many years.
There are several fairly well-known human rights societies in the country, which, no matter what, remain faithful to their activities. It:
The Human Rights Society of Uzbekistan (HRSU), the largest human rights organization,
Human Rights Society "Ezgulik" (HRE "Mercy"), the second largest organization, which was formed on the basis of the opposition party "Birlik" ("Unity"),
Human Rights Society "Mazlum" (HRE "Oppressed"), formed on the basis of the opposition party Erk (Freedom),
The Initiative Group of Human Rights Defenders of Uzbekistan (IGNPU), the exact number of supporters of this organization is unknown,
The International Department of Human Rights Defenders of Uzbekistan (the ISHR, presumably the headquarters of this organization is located in Germany), the fourth largest supporter of the organization,
The Human Rights Society "Mothers Against the Death Penalty and Torture" and several small associations based in different regions of the country.
Almost every one of the listed organizations is in prison. Almost every employee of the organizations listed above was either threatened, or threatened and persecuted and persecuted today. Therefore, it is difficult to say that the human rights activity in Uzbekistan brings some definite fruits, rather, it is struggling for survival, and so far it has been able to do it with difficulty. It is not for nothing that human rights defenders of Uzbekistan very often advocating for the respect of the rights of believers and convicts, farmers and disabled people, pensioners and patients, entrepreneurs and creative people, appeal to the world community for help.
According to observers, the Uzbek authorities have never hesitated to apply any measures of neutralization to their opponents and human rights defenders, including imprisonment and psychiatric detention. Thus, according to the HRSU, by October 2002, such measures were applied to eight members of this organization.
After the Andijan events of last year, ten members of the HRSU were imprisoned. In addition, members of the human rights organization Ezgulik and the Birlik party suffered.