In the near future, Kazakhstan intends to join the WTO. This requires the improvement of all spheres of life, including education. In order to meet international standards and be a progressive country, Kazakhstan’s education has undergone some changes. The classic model is not relevant now. The time has come for distance education (DL), which requires a powerful technical base and adaptation to new technologies.
The strategic direction of the “State Program for the Development of Education of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2005-2010” is the entry of the education system of Kazakhstan into the European educational space. The priority task is the informatization of education at all levels and the introduction of new learning technologies.
These tasks are already being actively implemented. Almost all the leading universities of Kazakhstan are introducing a form of distance learning. Many believe that it is the future of such education. What is this training and what is its advantage over the traditional form?
Distance learning (education at a distance) is a form of learning through electronic and telecommunication means.
Feature: the educational process is organized using electronic multimedia textbooks, television, video and audio lectures, teleconferences. This technology helps to achieve the greatest effect by combining the technical capabilities of the 21st century and maximizing the student’s independent work. The student is an equal participant in the educational process, he chooses the most significant subjects for himself, sets the schedule and pace of study. According to independent research agencies, the student better memorizes multimedia educational material (text, graphics, animation, sound), which significantly increases the effectiveness of the educational process.
Currently, in order to be successful and in demand it is not enough to have only a diploma of a specialist. There are new professions that need to be mastered, new programs requiring advanced training and in-depth study. In the USA, for example, every employee must not spend about 20% of his time on training in order not to lose his qualifications and keep up with the time and requirements of the market. But not everyone has the opportunity to leave the session, break away from the workflow. This is where distance learning comes to the rescue. It allows you to remove the barrier of time and space, to qualify without leaving the city, and, sometimes without leaving your home.
Distance learning is based on the use of Internet technologies. Thanks to this, a student can independently work with educational material and communicate with the teacher, both by e-mail and on-line, which allows to get education in remote areas, to study without leaving the main course. work, train people with physical disabilities. How well this education depends on the chosen university and on the student’s performance. Here, no one will be customized and controlled, the student is responsible for his own academic performance. So for those who are not able to study on their own, alone with themselves and the computer is not the best option. In addition, with this option, there is no full-fledged student life, in its traditional sense.
According to statistics, the majority of people who are remotely trained are occupying a certain social niche and wanting further professional improvement.
Director of the Center for Distance Education at the University of International Business (UIB) Gaukhar Muhametzhanovna Turezhanova talks about the development of Distance Education in Kostanay:
“Distance learning is a unique opportunity to get additional education or improve your qualifications with the help of the latest IT technologies.
In contrast to traditional forms, the DL exempts the student from the burdensome duty of going to the session twice a year. The remote teacher is always available by e-mail and is ready to answer any questions.
Our university uses all the components of the DL provided for by the Ministry of Education: newsgroups, online seminars, discussion forums, chat systems, mailing lists. For example, some universities with DOs record lectures on video, and then show them to students. It is not good. We have a direct connection with Moscow, Almaty, and other branches of UIB in Kazakhstan through teleconferences. Students see a teacher, can ask questions, discuss with students from other cities. In classes no more than 10 people. All the material comes to the listener's e-mail box, you only need to register on the portal, so there is no need to run around the libraries. At the end of the diploma issued a state sample.
All teachers are practitioners, undergo internships abroad and write textbooks themselves, prepare presentations, focusing on Kazakhstan business, on the demand of our market, thus, all materials are fresh and modern. If something changes in the market, the training program also changes.
The only downside is the price. Yes, this is an expensive education and not everyone can afford it. Our contingent is businessmen and top-level specialists. But we give quality.
For distance education a great future. The prospects are huge. In order to be in demand, knowledge is needed, and, given the rapidity of life, there is not always time and the opportunity to improve knowledge, but TO gives such an opportunity. This is an effective method of education, and in some areas it may even be more effective than traditional education. ”
Rustam, 33 years old, gas station director. I have been studying distance learning for two years. The main drawback is very expensive. 45 000 tenge (approximately $ 380.5) for one module, that is, for three months. But I own all the modern information, I am familiar with the experience of foreign countries. We are engaged in the evenings, after work. For me it is convenient. I think that this is a great opportunity to get a second degree without leaving and not spending a lot of time.