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No. 24 (44) December 2006
№ 23 (43) December 2006
№ 22 (42) November 2006
№ 21 (41) November 2006
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Many-sided average
With measles (OSH)
The middle class in Kyrgyzstan really exists. So, said former Deputy Prime Minister, who was in charge of economic issues in the previous government, Dzhomart Otorbaev. According to him, in Kyrgyzstan 25-30% of the population can be called the middle class, but this figure should be increased to 50%.

The current head of government, Felix Kulov, adheres to the same opinion on this issue. The government headed by him is going to double the budget in a year and contribute to the emergence of a middle class in Kyrgyzstan. Who is this new Kyrgyz bourgeois? According to Otorbaev, the middle class in Kyrgyzstan is those who can afford to maintain a car worth from $ 500 to $ 5 thousand. According to his calculations, there are 300 thousand cars registered in the republic, whose maintenance costs their owners 2-3 thousand soms per month. Consequently, 300 thousand families in the country, which is 1.5 million people, including children and the elderly, have an income of about 20 thousand soms ($ 500) per month. From here, Otorbaev concluded that a year these people spend about 1.5 - 1.8 billion US dollars on their lives. The numbers are just astronomical!

Head of State Kurmanbek Bakiyev sticks to more modest data. According to him, the middle class in the country makes up only 10-15% of the population. And as he stressed: “The larger the middle class, the more stability and order in the state. In highly developed states, the middle class ranges from 60 to 80%. There are very few poor people in these countries. At present, in Kyrgyzstan, according to modest estimates, the middle class is about 10-15%. What level of poverty you yourself know. Therefore, our task is to bring the middle class layer to at least 40-50% in the coming years. ”

By the way, returning to Otorbaev. He now heads the public association "Investment Round Table", which initiated the forum "The middle class is the foundation of a happy life", where these data were announced. In addition, he is the leader of the party "My Country", has the image of "Westerner" and "technocrat". It is popular in two capitals: Bishkek and Osh.

But there are other data about who still belongs to the middle class. Less optimistic. According to the information-analytical center "Alliance-Media", about 2% of farmers can be attributed to this stretch of stretch. There are high-ranking government officials in the country with a high salary, there is property, and many own securities. The middle class includes a large group of entrepreneurs. But about 70% of them work in the shade. The absolute majority of the population has incomes from $ 2.5 to $ 50. If we compare them with current prices, then all 89.7% of this part of the population can be classified as poor. At the same time almost one fifth of them are beggars. Above this level of income per person per month has about 9% and a little more than one percent falls on the rich. ”

For whom, then, does the head of government, Kulov, hope? According to independent expert Kapar Kurmanaliyev: “At 2.8% of the most active part of the population with per capita income more than $ 50 per month. These are employees of banks, lawyers, officials. But this is too little to affect the development of the country's economy. However, there is a growth reserve for entrepreneurs among farmers. Under favorable conditions, about 20-30% can enter the business class. But so far this category of people has neither knowledge nor experience. ”

In the opinion of Kazakhstan expert Tulegen Kasimov: “It’s a pinch to believe that in a civilized society based on the middle class, the so-called“ decile rate ”should not exceed 10. That is, the income of the richest 10% of the population and 10% of the poorest should not differ than 10 times. Otherwise, destructive processes are beginning to grow in society. ”

Meanwhile, in all the major cities of the country appeared a kind of “bourgeois-towns”, as they are called by the people. Built upscale two-three-storey mansions, with its own infrastructure. One such mansion costs about 200-300 thousand US dollars on average. Given that the average salary is slightly above $ 20. The difference is fantastic. Real estate prices are the most important indicator of what is most valued today in Kyrgyzstan, which is in the priority plan of the citizens of the country.

The absence of a real middle class in Kyrgyzstan, in return for today's rampant growth of corruption in state authorities, can lead to serious social consequences. By the way, speaking of it, the small, fragile middle class in Kyrgyzstan received the first blow during the March 2005 events in Bishkek. When the looming middle class suffered as a result of looting.

To protect their rights, the small middle class in Kyrgyzstan created its own political party, Sanjyra. According to local media, the Sanzhyra Party proclaims its goal to “achieve the well-being of every citizen of the republic and effective economic reforms”. But, as local experts noted, they began their activities with the spiritual revival of the people of Kyrgyzstan, opening a certain center of heritage and spiritual culture with the party. "Sanzhyra" translated into Russian is a genealogical tree. Ednan Karabaev, Vice-Rector for International Relations of the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, became the leader of the new party.

“Representatives of small and medium-sized businesses, successful people of liberal professions, civil servants - first of all, teachers and doctors, highly skilled workers, farmers, retirees. But, to put it mildly, today pensioners are on the verge of poverty. In a normal society, as is the case in the West, it is these people (excluding retirees) who are the basis of the state’s economic development. Because it is they who are brains, and creativity, and energy. According to many political scientists, today the concept of the middle class coincides with the concept of “intelligentsia”, which has always signified the intellectual stratum of society. In the era of universal informatization, intellectualism became the main characteristic of the middle class ”- this definition of the notion“ the middle class is given by the leader of this new party, Karabaev.

In this regard, the commentary by the president of the Liberty / Free Europe radio station Tom Dine, which he made during his last visit to Kyrgyzstan last year in an interview with a local newspaper, is “curious,” there is no middle class in Kyrgyzstan, the society is divided into very rich and very poor, but the business stratum represented not by entrepreneurs, but by officials, which contradicts the laws of the market and the precepts of capitalism. "

It turns out, it seems, as it were, of the middle class in Kyrgyzstan, and there is, and no. By Western standards, it is not, but by our - there. Because experts cleverly calculated everything on the machines. There is a car, it means you are a middle class, but in reality everything is far from true.
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Mitalipov
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Kokand, 06.08.2006, Uzbekstan
To protect their rights, the small middle class in Kyrgyzstan created its own political party, Sanjyra. According to local media, the Sanzhyra Party proclaims its goal to “achieve the well-being of every citizen of the republic and effective economic reforms”. But, as local experts noted, they began their activities with the spiritual revival of the people of Kyrgyzstan, opening a certain center of heritage and spiritual culture with the party. "Sanzhyra" translated into Russian is a genealogical tree. Ednan Karabaev, Vice-Rector for International Relations of the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, became the leader of the new party.
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