If we talk about the existence of clans in Uzbekistan, then it is necessary to define an understanding of this term. Clan - means commonality by kinship. In this regard, we can say that such a community exists in Uzbekistan.
For the most part, Uzbeks are well aware of their kinship, and at the household level they support each other. However, such “clans” do not have political power and do not interact in terms of promoting common kinship interests.
Compared with Turkmenistan, the vast majority of Turkmen know to what genus (tiir) they belong. Kazakhs and Kyrgyz, also have a clear idea of what kind of relationship or zhuz they belong to.
In Uzbekistan, contrary to popular belief, there are no clans in the classical sense of the term, which would have political power and influence.
Traditionally, in this country there is a localism, that is, division according to a territorial basis. For example, Yangiyul, Kashkadarya ... and so on. Here, it is common for people to unite and build a joint business according to a local character. However, such “associations” occur at the household level and are not groups with political power. In addition, Uzbekistan has seen the creation of clans on professional and religious grounds. For example, a group that came to be called “Akramists” under the leadership of Akram Yuldashev. These people were united by deep religiosity and joint business. After the well-known Andijan events, this group was declared the organizer of violent acts, such as the seizure of a prison and the buildings of the city’s administration. Despite the subsequent repression against members of this group, it still retains political influence.
From this it follows that with the current situation in Uzbekistan, groups based on Islamic ideology can become a great political force.
And how can you call a group that today has absolute power in Uzbekistan? This political elite consists of a nomenclature, which was formed in Soviet times. It would be correct to say that the country is governed by semi-criminal groups of people united by the goal of personal gain. The principle of such groups is similar to the system “Thief in law”, when around his one criminal leader his henchmen unite and organize a group of like-minded people. Karimov, Almatov, Inoyatov, Dzhurabekov — around these people, who have (or had) great political influence, a certain group of people gather, supporting their participation in the section of the general state “pie”. In this case, kinship does not matter. The most important thing is to be loyal to the owner and to extract personal benefits from your devotion. A striking confirmation of this is the example of the placement in the psychiatric clinic of the nephew of President Islam Karimov Jamshid Karimov, who dared to publish on the Internet critical notes about the current government. Despite being closely related to the head of state himself, he was immediately isolated.
Thus, Uzbekistan, which appeared as a result of the unification of the three khanates and does not have a single ethnic basis, is controlled not on the basis of belonging to clans, but by the power elite consisting of semi-criminal groups having common financial benefits.