For the first time, the Kyrgyz authorities started talking about the country's army after the invasion of militants in the southern borders of the country in the late 1990s. Then, the first persons of the country “learned” that they have an army. Until now, the armed forces, as part of the state and one of the components of its sovereignty, have not even been considered. Why do we need an army if we are going to be friends with everyone?
But, unfortunately, even this story in Batken did not become a serious impetus for reforms in the country's army. Despite the presence of military doctrine.
According to the military doctrine adopted by the former President Askar Akayev by 2010, the Armed Forces of Kyrgyzstan should switch to a professional basis. It is assumed that the basis of the future army of Kyrgyzstan will be compact and mobile units necessary to ensure the security of the country and able to quickly respond to possible threats. At the same time, former Defense Minister Esen Topoi said that the future armed forces would include the state border guard forces, immediate response forces, immediate deployment forces and general-purpose forces. These units should be almost completely formed from soldiers of the extra-timers or contract soldiers. The cost of transition to a professional army will be approximately 1.5-2% of GDP per year, according to the calculations of the former head of the Ministry of Defense of Kyrgyzstan.
In general, the issue of financing the army is the most painful. The presidential administration in its press release writes: "The president said that the state should provide maximum support to his army, and that from next year this support from the state will be much more." More on how much, and how much it will be in the end, the administration of the head of state does not specify.
So far, the authorities are thinking "how much and how" to help their own army. The Ministry of Defense of Turkey decided to provide the Armed Forces of Kyrgyzstan with military-technical assistance in the amount of about a million dollars. Assistance will be provided by both material resources and services. Since 1999, the Turkish government has provided assistance to the army of Krygyzstan in the amount of five million dollars. The number of the Kyrgyz army is also estimated differently. Today it is known that it is 12 thousand people. According to others, the number of the army is about seven thousand people. In 2001, the basis of the Armed Forces of the country were the Koytash and Osh brigades, which were inherited by Kyrgyzstan after the collapse of the USSR from the Central Asian military district, which included all five countries of Central Asia. What today is the country's army is known to God alone.
According to military observer Alexander Kim, the army of Kyrgyzstan does not have combat aircraft. In 1999-2001, military operations in the south of the republic were served by two military transport aircraft, one training L-39, and four helicopters.
It is not surprising that today's army of Kyrgyzstan resembles a patchwork. It's funny when you see soldiers in the most diverse military uniforms on the streets of the cities, who got them from humanitarian aid from NATO member countries. One of the soldiers in the Turkish military uniform, someone flaunts in the German. Not to mention, military equipment, weapons.
Well, judge for yourself. The Chinese army donates several buses and cars. France gives assistance (which, the official authorities do not specify) for a total amount of over half a million dollars. Hungary donates its old military equipment left over from the Soviet legacy. The list can be continued. It seems that the country's army was allowed on the porch to ask for alms. Although it may be so. It is noteworthy, but it is a fact that few people have argued that today in the army of Kyrgyzstan it is predominantly, if not the overwhelming majority of recruits of Kyrgyz and Russian nationalities. Sources in military circles confirm that among the soldiers there are almost no representatives of Dungan, Korean nationalities and very few young Uzbeks and Uighurs guys. With regard to the recruits of Dungan nationality, even a special order was issued. It can be said that the country's army is clearly formed at the expense of the rural youth of Kyrgyz nationality, and partly of the Russian at the expense of the Russian-speaking population in the north of the country.
If the authorities do not yet know what to do with the national composition of the army, then the military decided to fight the level of education of future recruits in their own way. The new head of the Ministry of Defense of Kyrgyzstan, Ismail Isakov, issued an order, according to which they will now be called up for military service at the age of 20 and with higher education, and not from the age of 18, as it was before. Isakov stressed that compared with 2005, "the number of military personnel with higher education rose to 5%, and the number of recruits over 20 years old increased by 22%."
“We have no problem with the call. Of the 17 young men only one gets into the army, ”Isakov said. He noted that the lack of a shortage of recruits has reduced the military service to one year. At the same time, the head of the Ministry of Defense emphasized that for the most fruitful assimilation of military specialties, conscripts are exempted from part of the economic work. For example, civil servants do work in army canteens. Another innovation in the Kyrgyz army since 2006 was the one-year service life. Perhaps this is the only innovation that has happened over the years.
And, probably, the main headache problem of the military of Kyrgyzstan is to whom to join. To the Americans or the Russians. Figuratively speaking, the army of Kyrgyzstan lives between Kant, where the Russian military base is located and Manas, where the Americans are stationed. From time to time, friends and comrades are asked to decide who is more important and necessary. Here, in the framework of the Collective Security Treaty Organization they propose to create in 2007 a joint grouping of Central Asian troops. It turns out that the Central Asian military circle is being recreated. Kyrgyzstan is determined with procedural issues. What is behind this, no one knows.
In the meantime, the Kyrgyz army lives in scandals. The first happened at the end of May of this year, when the head of the Kyrgyz Ministry of Defense Isakov decided to organize a military parade on the central square of the capital, while the opposition officially announced its intention to hold a rally there on that day. Moreover, the minister himself previously stood in line with the current opposition in the country's parliament. Then the president made a Solomon’s decision, advising the military to march until ten in the morning. The second scandal was already a scuffle. The military countries could not divide the property, or rather, part of the parliament building, which led to a clash between the guard service of the parliament and the military. Later, the vice-speaker of the parliament announced that the head of the country's military department “has a grudge against him”. The military countries are engaged in anything, but the members of parliament did not state their direct duties when commenting on the incident.