In the famous Louvre filed an application. The initiative to hold within its walls the national exhibition “The Art of the Margush Country”, as written in the official seminal “30 members of the world, has been strongly supported by 30 scholars from 15 countries. All of them were guests of the November conference in Ashgabat, dedicated to the unique archaeological discoveries in eastern Turkmenistan - Margiana, namely in its royal town Gonur-Depe.
"Discoverer" Viktor Sarianidi, who discovered in his time in Afghanistan Bactrian treasures, unfortunately completely disappeared with the arrival of the Taliban, long ago called this sandy area in Gonur - the fifth civilization of antiquity, the center of the oldest world religion - Zoroastrianism and Indo-European culture. “I give you the fifth civilization,” the scientist once exclaimed to Turkmen President Saparmurad Niyazov on his birthday, for which he was later awarded a Turkmen passport, many regalia and medals. But, of course, a great revelation for the Russian scientist was a standing ovation from a colleague, French archaeologist Gerard Froussmann, who said in Ashgabat that “the discovery of Margiana is one of the main archaeological events over the past half century”.
It should be noted that the event acquired a national scale in Ashgabat, the luminaries were given a luxurious reception, for which they tirelessly thanked Turkmenbashi, without whose knowledge, as is well known, a children's matinee cannot be held in this country. Did they know that almost simultaneously a complaint came to the French parliament against Turkmenbashi?
A certain Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Turkmenistan (VSWP), existing abroad in a semi-underground position, accused him of an act of vandalism - in place of the unique artifacts and the old grave discovered, at his order built a large personalized mosque. The Parisian addressee emerged not by chance, the construction was carried out by the French firm Bouygues. “As citizens of Turkmenistan, it is deeply unpleasant that in June-July 2003, during construction work in the village of Kipchak, a suburb of the city of Ashgabat, in the construction of the Spirituality mosque (others call the Spirit of Turkmenbashi), the ancient tombs of the Turkmen people were found and destroyed , as well as archaeological values of the Stone Age and the beginning of the Bronze Ages, ”says the appeal at http://www.parliament-tm.org. One gets the impression that the discoveries in Margiana were just a bit luckier, the excavations there began more than thirty years ago, and the site of ancient settlement was located in a desolate desert.
Precedents happened. In recent years, on the direct orders of Niyazov in Ashgabat, buildings dating back to the 19th century and constituting the architectural appearance of the capital were destroyed. Instead of the destroyed building of the Pushkin Russian Drama Theater in Ashgabat, a fountain was erected, a theater was set up at the site of the residence of the Governor-General of the Transcaspian region, and last year the systematic destruction of architectural monuments in Krasnovodsk (modern name Turkmenbashi), built a century ago, began.
The fate of the United Nations-recognized architectural reserves has been disastrous. They sound the alarm of UNESCO, the World Fund of Old Times in New York: the state of emergency on the territory of ancient Merv, the ruins of which begin to date back to the sixth century BC and includes five unique settlements spread over an area of one and a half thousand hectares. “The situation is extremely critical,” admits Tim Williams, head of the International Project on Merv at the University of London, in an interview with the Associated Press. According to him, the buildings that survived for millennia, without urgent intervention of the restorers, will stand for no more than ten years. Despite the fact that in 1990, Merv was included in the World Heritage List, there is still a pasture for cattle nearby, the area is delineated by irrigation canals, and there are cotton fields everywhere. Amudarya water used for irrigation contains salt and seeps into the soil, being absorbed into the clay buildings of antiquity. Eyewitnesses say that two of the significant buildings of Merv, the fortresses known for guidebooks like Bolshaya Kyz-Kala and Malaya Kyz-Kala, the walls are already tilted and is about to collapse.