One of our sources, who wished to remain anonymous, said that wearing a beard, adhering to the so-called "Islamic" fashion in clothes and visiting the mosque for five times quite often causes close attention from law enforcement agencies. Authorities suspect such citizens of “unreliability.” Suspecting them in everything.
But the head of the southern branch of the State Agency for Religious Affairs under the Government of Kyrgyzstan Zholbors Zhorobekov categorically disagrees with this statement. According to him, for law enforcement agencies to throw leaflets of religious groups of extremist persuasion to certain national groups is simply absurd. These are just political games of certain political groups and individuals who want to raise their political rating in such a cheap way, Zholbors Zhorobekov is convinced. Even if such a case had taken place, international organizations would have long ago brought it to publicity, Zhorobekov said.
However, representatives of civil society are of the opposite opinion. Thus, the representative of the public organization “Young Lawyers of the South” Khusanboy Saliev believes that such phenomena do occur. He is opposed by Ismanzhanov Akbar, who also works in this public organization. According to him, before drawing any conclusions, it is necessary to analyze all the facts, only then it is possible to assert anything with certainty.
On November 18, 2006, in the Osh City Court, twenty-two-year-old Khamidzhanov Ibrahim was convicted for distributing anti-constitutional leaflets under Article 299 of the Criminal Code of the Kyrgyz Republic. In his defense, Ibrahim said: “I was asked, as a Muslim, to distribute these leaflets. I have nothing to do with the Hizb ut-Tahrir party. As it turned out later, during the investigative measures, Khamidzhanov was arrested during the distribution of leaflets about the death of Imam Rafiq-Qor, authoritative in the Fergana Valley.
Judge Bekzhanova Kymbat, taking into account sincere confession and repentance of Khamidzhanov, sentenced him to three years conditionally. One of the jurors commented to us in court: “It is clearly visible that he was framed. The state itself creates enemies. Precinct need to carry out the plan. We must look for the guilty. The one who did not pay the price goes to prison. ” Cellmate Ibrahim Khamidzhanova, a young man named Arstan is convinced that he too was framed. Because, in his words, “a real member of the banned party Hizb-ut-Tahrir never denies his membership. They are fanatics of their party. And always, getting to prison, they conduct propaganda and agitation among cellmates. Ibrahim, however, denied his membership in this party. It is not like them. ” The lawyer of one of the law firms also stressed that members of the banned Hizb-ut-Tahrir party never hide their membership and never give or offer bribes to break free from prison.
Zhenish Ashyrbaev, head of the press service of the Department of Internal Affairs for the Osh region, denies the facts of detention solely on a national basis. “In our country it is very difficult just to take a man and plant him. There are many human rights organizations, law firms, which are constantly monitoring the situation. Crime for us has no nationality. This question is more exaggerated by some politicians, earning themselves a rating, ”says Zhenish Ashyrbaev.
And yet, scolding the claim that the Uzbek population is more religious than other national groups often gives rise to political and religious speculation. Law enforcement agencies are also sometimes captured by these stereotypes. Indeed, how to determine who is in front of you if your knowledge of religions is superficial. And you can judge the degree of religiosity only by the length of the beard.
One of the respondents, who wished to remain anonymous, said bluntly that law enforcement agencies were used to making money in the Uzbek community, giving them leaflets from banned religious groups and parties, in order to extort money for something.
Alisher Saipov, head of the Ferghana.Ru web portal in Central Asia, considers fabrication of criminal cases on a national basis unacceptable. “I categorically disagree with the statement that if you are Uzbek, then you are an extremist or a terrorist,” said Saipov.
Abdumanap Khalilov, human rights activist of the Civil Emergency Help Network project, says: “I categorically disagree with such allegations that the state fabricates criminal cases on a national basis against Uzbeks. It is not true and absolute lie. But, one cannot deny the fact that the infringement of human rights is almost the norm in the country. As for the fight against terrorism. The state is clumsy struggle, on the contrary, creating an artificial image of the "enemy". There are many examples in our law practice. ” Recently, according to him, they managed to convince the regional court to send for further investigation the case of citizen Badalov, who is accused of inciting religious extremism under Article 299 of the Criminal Code of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Alima Sharipova, a representative of the Citizens Against Corruption Right-Wing Center in Osh Oblast, says: “The fact that the special services carry out cleansing and abuse their position is a well-known practice. That is typical for all the special services of the world. There is a fear factor and it is actively used. This will further expand. Like the death of Rafik-kory Kamalov. ”
The so-called raids became especially frequent after the Andijan events. When any bearded man aroused the strong suspicion of the police. According to representatives of the Uzbek community of the southern capital of Kyrgyzstan, Osh, after the Andijan events in the city, there were mass raids in search of refugees and terrorists from Uzbekistan. And if they learned that the detainees were not released from the citizens of Uzbekistan, but if it was impossible for you to pay off a visitor. One of the experts, who categorically refused to give his name, told us that in the spring and summer of this year, police raids were proceeding along national lines.
Some of the citizens justify such actions of law enforcement agencies with a concern for their own security. So, a young man named Farhad (he refused to give his last name) believes that the terrorists must be fought hard, this is necessary for all of us.
In general, everything is mixed up in our society. And nationality, and increased religiosity, and the fight against religious and political extremism. The state, in fact, does not trust some of its citizens. And he does not want to admit this openly. Civil society openly speculates on this, deftly playing on national feelings and forgetting about objectivity. Who will win?..