Less than two months have passed since the opposition movement For Reforms forced the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, to agree to a new version of the Constitution with a parliamentary form of government. On the penultimate day of last year, the head of Kyrgyzstan already through his parliament passed through his own version of the Basic Law, thereby reclaiming all the lost powers. Fixing, thus, control over the legislative branch of power, Bakiyev proceeded to sweep the executive and gracefully got rid of the inconvenient Felix Kulov, his associate in tandem. It remains an open question how Kurmanbek Salievich will dispose of all the power he sought for so long, and also how the retired prime minister will respond to the President’s non-gentlemen’s act.
The second anniversary of the March Orange Revolution is approaching. It was a difficult time for the republic. The Akayev family’s monopoly on power was destroyed, but it cannot be said that it allowed Kyrgyzstan to find a way for further development. It was the government that played a cruel joke with the anti-Akayev coalition. Instead of consolidating and jointly solving the problems accumulated in the republic, the incoming elite began to fight among themselves for influence. And if at the beginning of the confrontation was of a subtle character, then now the former allies are trying every day to draw all the large masses of people to their side. 2006 was the year of mass rallies, processions, stands. Miraculously managed to avoid serious bloodshed. But the current situation shows that the confrontation between the presidential team and its opponents, primarily from the For Reforms movement, may escalate. This is fraught with further loosening of the situation.
Kurmanbek Bakiyev, thanks to skillful hardware actions, in less than two months was able to nullify all the November achievements of the opposition. On December 30, when all attention in the post-Soviet space was focused on the Russian-Belarusian gas conflict, the Zhogorku Kenesh returned the presidential form of government to the republic. And on January 15, Bakiyev signed a new version of the Basic Law. Now the president has complete control of the security forces, has the right to dismiss members of the government, and his decrees will have the force of law. On January 18, the President submitted to the Parliament the candidacy of his colleague in the tandem Felix Kulov for the post of head of government. During the voting, the Jogorku Kenesh did not approve. Of the 65 five deputies, only 23 deputies voted in favor, with the necessary 38, 39 against, and three ballots were deemed flawed. According to the well-known political analyst Nur Omarov, this result was expected, since “the head of the cabinet of ministers had to be virtually solely responsible for the omissions of all his subordinates. Shock and fear that the deputies survived in connection with the resignation of the government and the possible dissolution of the Zhogorku Kenesh of the Republic also played a role. ” On January 25, during the second approval procedure, Kulov re-gained only 25 votes. On the same day, Bakiyev said that “the situation requires an early resolution of the issue,” and therefore he will offer the candidacy of a new prime minister in the near future. And on Friday, January 26, it was announced that the president had proposed to the Jogorku Kenesh as prime minister acting. Minister of Agriculture, Water Management and Processing Industry Azim Isambekov.
Bakiyev made an elegant combination. At first, using the PR resignation of the prime minister, he forced the parliament to adopt its own version of the Constitution. And then, by the hands of the deputies, he got rid of the authoritative prime minister. “What can I say about a man who did not keep his masculine word?” - that's all that Felix Kulov said after his resignation about his former comrade, promising to tell you about future political plans in the near future. According to observers, Felix Sharshenbaevich has very good political career prospects. Further actions of the ex-premier are associated with the party Ar-Namys, which already in the next electoral cycle can play a significant role in the conditions of the proportional system of elections to the parliament. Other scenarios are possible, however. But it is obvious that Felix Kulov will not rock the boat and by all means strive for a return to power.