The police reports of the first month of the beginning of the year in Kyrgyzstan were reminiscent of hot front-lines: the loud contract killing of a large business representative in Osh oblast, the sensational gunfights of the leaders of the criminal world with SOBR fighters in the vicinity of Bishkek, the elimination of several of the most active members of an organized criminal group and professional killers.
The “ninth wave” of crime that hit the country after the events of March 2005, which led to a change of power, seems to have taken on a permanent character. The struggle for new spheres of influence, both in the economic and political structures, openly and rigidly declared by criminal groups has not subsided for almost two years. A series of contract killings of parliamentarians and well-known large businessmen who shook the republic and continue to shock society, the legalization of criminals' leaders — all this is a convincing application of organized crime to the role of a new independent political force.
“This obvious fact clearly confirms the crime statistics. Since 2000, 39 contract killings and 6 attempts with the use of firearms have been committed in Kyrgyzstan, of which only 3 have been revealed, ”said deputy Rashid Tagayev, who heads the parliamentary committee on defense and security. “The fact that over the past two years, three deputies of the Zhogorku Kenesh of the Republic have become victims of crimes has caused a great resonance in society.”
“Today, over 20 organized criminal groups (OCGs) operate in the republic, most of which are headed by crime authorities known in the criminal world of the country and beyond its borders,” emphasizes analyst Syrgak Abdyldaev.
As acknowledged by the employees of the “slaughter” departments, over the past ten years, the organized criminal group of Kyrgyzstan has qualitatively changed. Today, organized crime controls virtually the entire criminal business and a significant part of the country's shadow economy. Moreover, a number of organized crime groups have their own extensive network of various commercial and commercial structures, which are one of the main financial sources for supporting activities and increasing the influence of groups in the regions of the republic.
Another channel of dishonest money was the involvement of the republic in international drug trafficking. According to Interpol, one of the main drug supply routes from Afghanistan to Russia and Western European countries runs through Kyrgyzstan.
The intensification of criminal terror in the last two years has caused a new wave of external migration not only of the Russian-speaking population, but also of representatives of large ethnic groups, Kyrgyz and Uzbeks. The pressure on business structures affected the curtailment of the activities of foreign investors and some local businessmen, which negatively affected the already weak economy of the republic.
The difficult situation that Kyrgyzstan is experiencing today was also recognized by ex-Prime Minister Felix Kulov, who noted that organized crime is one of the destabilizing factors in the country.
The need to reform the internal affairs bodies of the republic became apparent after the well-known Aksy tragedy in 2003, when several people died as a result of the confrontation between the police and the villagers. The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic developed a concept of transformation, which provided for the improvement of the regulatory framework, the structure of the Department of Internal Affairs, which envisaged the unification of police departments into a single criminal police, public security service, organizational and management unit. A special place was given to improving the legal and social protection of police officers and their material and technical base, the state of which led to the strike of the police of the southern city of Jalalabat, which required the attention of the government and the public to their problems.
In 2004, in the framework of the OSCE, a program of technical assistance to the internal affairs agencies of the Police Assistance Program (PAP) was launched with a budget of 3 million euros. Seven projects included improving the quality of investigations, strengthening the capacity of the Ministry of Internal Affairs to curb drug trafficking, developing quarterly police, and improving the ambulance service of the police to the population.
As acknowledged by the head of the republic’s Ministry of Internal Affairs reform center, Colonel Shamshibek Mamyrov, the first real results of innovations in the activities of the police were outlined. But the “revolution” that broke out in March 2005 halted reforms, bringing chaos and confusion into the ranks of law enforcement officers. Raging mobs exerted the strongest moral pressure on the employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, who demonstrated unpreparedness for events of a similar scale and powerlessness before the activity of the criminals. In those days, a significant portion of the staff left.
- At first, there was an outflow of personnel from the police. When a person gets into the "meat grinder", he needs time to adapt. Many later returned again, because we, the military, are giving the oath not to the president, but to the people, ”says Kanatbek Ibraimov, head of the public security department of the republic’s Ministry of Internal Affairs.“ Work has now returned to normal. In accordance with the Concept of Development until 2010, the reform in the system is underway. The quarter police is entered, equipment by equipment improves.
The promotion of the reform and a number of successful recent law enforcement operations in the fight against criminal gangs have been associated with the name of General Omurbek Suvanaliev, who for some time headed the republic’s Ministry of Internal Affairs. The ups and downs in his career are associated with the uncompromising, so not typical of many high ranks in the Asian region. Volleys of criticism against him from a number of influential people in the republic forced Edil Baisalov, the leader of the non-governmental organization Coalition For Democracy and Civil Society, which is well-known in the country, to make a statement.
“The general in a short time convinced the society that the Kyrgyz police can successfully and effectively fight against banditry in the country,” said Baisalov. - He returned to law enforcement officers faith in his strength and respect for his own profession. There is a hope that the end of the period of rampant crime and the legalization of its leaders is coming.
Irresponsible and indiscriminate criticism of the minister on the part of individual deputies and their accomplices, who clearly do not like the offensive of the Ministry of the Interior against banditry and crime, is causing outrage.
“It was the inability of the leadership of law enforcement agencies, and, in particular, the Ministry of Internal Affairs to react adequately to the increase in crime in Kyrgyzstan, which led to a total decline in public confidence in them,” stresses Abdumalik Sharipov, an expert of the human rights organization Justice in the city of Jalalabat.
And so the question of who will be able to rescue the security forces from the current critical state and resist the criminal world that feels free to itself remains a pressing issue for the country. This is a matter of the viability of the country.
P.S. After the preparation of this material, a decree of the president of the republic appeared on the appointment of the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Bolotbek Nogoibaev, which caused an ambiguous reaction in the society. According to the popular Kyrgyz-language newspaper Agym, after the deputies approved the new minister, parliamentarian Melis Eshimkanov said on the sidelines: “The owners of the casino, the tires and tires, are already deciding the fate of Kyrgyz.” Parliament, who decided to speak out against Suvanaliev, is even more mired in the quagmire of corruption and the mafia.