The political crisis in Kyrgyzstan has reached its peak. The radical part of the opposition, not waiting for April 11 (this is the deadline that the radicals put to the president so that he could fulfill their demands) began their political hunger strike. According to various estimates, it was supported by twenty to one hundred people. The main opposition rally will be held on April 11 only in Bishkek, in the south there will be no meetings, the leader of the United Front Felix Kulov said at a press conference. According to Kulov, up to 100 thousand people can take part in the rally, and that he is supported by 90% of the country's population. From where these figures were taken at the headquarters of the United Front, we did not go into details. The main requirement is the early presidential election. And this even after the head of state Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed the law on reforming the state television and radio corporation and invited one of the opposition leaders Almaz Atambayev to head the government. One of the demands of the opposition was the reform of state television and radio broadcasting and the creation of a coalition government.
The attempt of the new prime minister to create a coalition government, as one of the conditions for resolving the political situation in the country, frankly, failed. No one wanted to go to the new government. Only the Asab party, led by Azimbek Beknazarov and Roza Otunbayeva, agreed to join the coalition government, but only at the level of deputy ministers. The rest refused to enter into its composition. Saving his political reputation, the head of government, Almaz Atambayev, complained that a real coalition government can be created only if there is a new parliament elected by party lists. It was a kind of hint that it is possible in principle to dissolve parliament.
Today, parties in the country are created with mania. There are so many that they simply can not be counted. Do not have time to remember the names, not that the names of their leaders or program statements. Every day some factions break up and are created, the existence of which until now no one even suspected. So that the parliament is also in a fever. Parliament speaker Marat Sultanov does not have time to report on new political associations, factions, unions and movements. For his part, Atambayev said that there are only five of them (standing parties).
Literally, on the eve of the opposition movement "For Reforms" has split into two parts. Signed political figures in Kyrgyzstan Beknazarov, Otunbayeva, Sadyrbaev, Atambayev left this movement, creating their own “For United Kyrgyzstan”. Some members of the For Reforms movement, such as Eshimkanov, Tekebayev and Karabekov, went to the United Front. In fact, there are three key political associations in the country at the moment. These are the “For Reforms” and “For a Unified Kyrgyzstan” movements and the United Front “For a worthy future of Kyrgyzstan”. The united front is the most radical of all political associations.
But what unites them all, that’s the fact that instead of a constructive dialogue they are speculating on civil war. Practically all politicians, researchers and experts comment on the situation in the country in interviews that use the words “Tajik version”, “civil war in Tajikistan”, “second Tajikistan”. Frankly, the Government of Tajikistan could sue for not politically correct inclination of the name of the country by Kyrgyz politicians, experts and journalists.
While some political forces in the country are talking from the position of ultimatums, others are looking for original and effective ways to resolve a political conflict. President of the Institute for Public Policy, former Foreign Minister Muratbek Imanaliev proposes to create a State Council as a temporary consensus authority to resolve the political crisis. According to him, for this, the country needs non-standard opportunities and methods. And one of these options is the creation of the State Council. What tasks will the State Council have? This is the implementation of constitutional reform; the creation of a political system with an appropriate form of government (not necessarily classical designs, but meeting the interests of the people); development of the country's economy; minimization of corruption; improvement of public relations, first of all, strengthening the family institution; the eradication of organized crime; reduction of migration flows from the country.
According to its author Imanaliev. the powers of the State Council should not go beyond the constitutional powers of the President. Consensus decision-making in the form of decrees, resolutions and other documents signed by the President, especially on personnel, financial issues (an exception may be the problems of the Presidential Administration staff). The absence of one signature on the draft decree or another document makes it not legitimate. The State Council exercises control over the activities of the government through the President. The powers of the council must be confirmed by the relevant Law adopted by the parliament of the country. Only the president of the country and four representatives from each of the parties, from the opposition and representatives of the president can join the State Council. There are also two representatives from the Assembly of the Peoples of Kyrgyzstan, and they should not be leaders of diasporas. Deputies and ministers can not join the State Council. Such an unexpected way of resolving the situation is suggested by the former head of the country's foreign affairs agency.
Another way out of the situation in Kyrgyzstan is seen in the parliament. Vice-Speaker Kubanychbek Isabekov said at a meeting of the parliament that First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Sergei Ivanov could come to Bishkek in the very near future. “They say that Russia is dissatisfied with neither Bakiyev nor Kulov, and that Moscow has an alternative proposal,” he said. - In the end, everything will be decided by the people, but I think it makes sense that this issue is being discussed).
Unlike their Ukrainian counterparts, Kyrgyz opposition members regularly come to Moscow for political consultations, as was the case with Bakiyev and Otunbayeva during the March events two years ago. Felix Kulov, who has been to Moscow two times in the last month, is not far behind.
In the meantime, mass anti-rallies in support of the policies of Kurmanbek Bakiyev continue in the small homeland of the country's president. Even created a social movement against the United Front. As always on the first roles of a woman. There are the first "victims." The operator of a private television station belonging to the brother of one of the opposition leaders, Omurbek Tekebaev, was beaten up. The United Front branch in Osh was attacked.
By the way, it can be assumed from the results of recent political events that a new political tandem “North-South”, Kulov-Northerner and Tekebayev-Southerner may appear in the country. The latter is considered Kulov’s consistent political ally. In the presidential election in 2000, Kulov ran for President of the country on behalf of the Ata-Meken party, where Omurbek Tekebaev is the leader. Both of them are united not only by common political goals, but by personal dislike for President Bakiyev, which the whole country witnessed when watching a report from the country's parliament, where then-speaker Tekebayev gave a speech to the representative of the president, without hesitation in expressions. Personal relationships are becoming a priority in Kyrgyz politics. The future of the country, frankly, very few people care.