Wholesale markets in Central Asia did not originate from a good life. In the early 1990s, a breakdown in economic relations led to a crisis in production, especially in transport-stalled countries, such as Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Here stopped dozens of large enterprises that provided work for hundreds of thousands of people. And it was the “shuttle” business that became for many of them the only springboard for survival. They gave impetus to the development of trade centers. In energy-developed and transit countries, such as Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, where it was possible not only to preserve the activities of factories and plants, but also to create new sectors of the economy, bazaars were the place of sale of their own goods. Today, without wholesale markets, it is impossible to imagine more than one large city in the region.
The wholesale market "Korvon" today is the largest bazaar in Dushanbe. Life here comes alive at five in the morning. Merchants open warehouses and lay out goods. Experience them long ago accustomed to specialization. For example, a supplier who has managed to find his niche in the footwear trade will not engage in men's clothing or women's underwear. And this is also a new phenomenon. Although, 15 years ago, when markets were born only in the Tajik capital, this could not be imagined. According to the “shuttle” with the experience of Muzaffar Saidov, it is the civilized approach to the procurement and sale of a particular product that makes it possible to achieve success in this field of entrepreneurship. In addition, links are established with specific colleagues abroad.
Goods in Tajikistan are imported exclusively from certain countries. The decisive factor determining the choice of the shuttle in favor of a particular region remains geographic. "Shuttles" are guided by the states located nearby. After all, buyers, and these are mostly middle-income people, are primarily interested in price. Costumes brought from China, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Iran or Turkey will cost ten times cheaper than their American or European counterparts.
Many factors contribute to the emergence and development of wholesale markets in Tajikistan, but the main one is the poverty of people. According to the independent expert, well-known economist Rustam Babadzhanov in the republic, today the number of poor in the country is about 60% of the population. These are people who can not buy expensive goods and most often, purchase products of a seasonal nature. For this category of the population, wholesalers import cheap and low-quality clothes and shoes from Chinese Urumqi or Kyrgyz Bishkek. For “shuttle traders,” such a situation is even advantageous, because a year later, buyers will come to the market again. On the "Korvon" come for the goods and "shuttles" from neighboring Uzbekistan. But this market is more focused on domestic consumers.
In the past few years, the image of the “shuttle traders” has changed. From unemployed singles, loaded with bags, today they began to turn into respectable individual entrepreneurs. Many of them buy their goods in warehouses from Chinese or Turkish manufacturers and large importers, or receive them from their long-time partners in Kyrgyzstan or the United Arab Emirates. Suppliers abroad are overgrown with connections and no longer spend time searching for goods through long wavering in the markets. Some, having a place in the market, began to buy stores.
Today, several large wholesale centers are operating in Central Asia. The new format of economic relations established in the region, which is increasingly being freed from the political background, already dictates competition between them. This, in turn, prompts the administration of markets to improve infrastructure, that is, to open branches of banks, catering places and shops on the territory of ware markets, to build car parks. Thereby not only the service issue is solved, and this lures buyers, but also a social problem. Markets are already a source of new job creation and more and more people are taking part in it. For example, in the Kyrgyz association “Dordoy” there are about 2 thousand people who earn decent wages.
A significant factor stimulating the intensive development of modern wholesale markets in the Central Asian region was the legalization of commodity and financial flows and, as a result, the receipt of additional tax revenues, both in the city and in the national treasury. Thus, in the countries of the region one of the most important issues of power is being solved - streamlining of fiscal charges and, accordingly, an increase in the tax base. In some countries, as in Kyrgyzstan, this direction has already progressed markedly. So, cash registers are installed on the Dordoi market. This forces sellers to already pay taxes on sales, which is very beneficial to the state. According to the State Committee on Taxes and Duties under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, today only one Dordoi market pays taxes twice as much as the entire Naryn Oblast of the republic.
The development of markets in Central Asia forces them to interact. Perhaps the day is not far off when even a wholesalers association will appear in the region, something like a Business Council. There are grounds for such forecasts. Many businessmen from the republics of the region are already going beyond their countries and working in the near abroad, exploring the markets of neighboring countries. Noted and attempts to create cross-border trade centers. In the Gorno-Badakhshan region of Tajikistan, there are Tajik-Afghan markets. The interaction of Kazakhstani and Kyrgyz entrepreneurs, who have agreed to build a common wholesale market in the Chui Valley, is also noticeable. This experience involuntarily suggests that the largest shopping centers will soon dictate some of the outlines of the foreign policy activities of their states and promote many ideas of regional economic organizations. Today, it is the wholesalers who are most of all interested in creating transport corridors, simplifying customs procedures, and visa-free travel of citizens to each other. The unresolved nature of the latter problem today hinders the development of contacts between Tajik and Uzbek entrepreneurs. Especially recently, one of the largest markets in Central Asia - Istaravshansky suffered. First, residents of Uzbekistan came here for goods. Today, due to border crossing problems, this bazaar focuses only on Tajiks. In addition, the area in winter is cut off from the south of the republic. Only with the beginning of the summer “shuttles” from Dushanbe and Khatlon region come to Istaravshan for the purpose of purchases. The barriers at the borders affected the activity of another trade center - Samarkand in Uzbekistan. This city is currently virtually inaccessible to the population of the neighboring country - Tajikistan. Visa regime has been in operation for 7 years between Dushanbe and Tashkent. And this is despite the fact that Uzbekistan has entered the Eurasian Economic Community, which declares the free movement of people, goods and services.