The indefinite opposition rally ended in dispersal with the help of special means. For the first time, tear gas was used to disperse demonstrators in Kyrgyzstan. “The dispersal of the rally only warmed up the president’s opponents. If it were not for the provocation, the protest could have gone to a new level in 2-3 days, and the effect of “interrupted flight” would turn out, says one of the opposition leaders, Ravshan Jeenbekov, the recent ambassador of Kyrgyzstan to Malaysia. The analytical web portal Tazar writes: “What did the opposition leaders mean when they repeatedly stated that on April 19, Kurmanbek Bakiyev voluntarily resigned and the government would go to the government of national accord? And why did some of them start making statements that day that the situation could be uncontrollable, that the transfer of power meant a lengthy process, not a seizure, that the government was preparing provocations on that day and so on? ”According to the expert Oleksandr Knyazev’s opposition can put itself up as the injured party, receiving some political dividends from what happened.
The transfer of power on April 19, as the opposition leaders wanted, did not work out. Instead, they testify in the National Security Committee (State Committee for National Security). Among the detainees, there is not only opposition leader Felix Kulov. Omurbek Suvanaliev, the head of the headquarters of the opposition front “For a worthy future of Kyrgyzstan”, Omurbek Abdrakhmanov, a member of the For Reforms! Movement, and the leader of the youth wing of the opposition front, Adilet Aitikeev, are being questioned. Omurbek Suvanaliev is suspected of organizing mass riots. He was detained under Article 233 of the Criminal Code of Kyrgyzstan.
In this political confrontation there are no winners, no losers. Each of the parties, figuratively speaking, licking their wounds in order to prepare for new actions and assess the situation soberly. Felix Kulov, the leader of the opposition Front “For a Deserving Future of Kyrgyzstan”, during a press conference in his family village of Baytik, near Bishkek, said that the opposition intends to re-launch peaceful actions of civil resistance. According to the opposition leader, some of his supporters are ready to become martyrs against certain figures in the government and he was shocked by such ideas of his supporters. I could hardly convince them of such a move - says Felix Kulov. In the ancestral village of Baitik there are also some supporters of the opposition front. Some of them have already gone home. While calm. The main demand of the opposition is now to release the detained opposition leaders.
The opposition accuses the security services of political persecution, meaning the detention of some of its leaders. In turn, the press service of the State Committee for National Security issued a statement saying: “The press center of the State Committee for National Security officially declares that all actions taken by the special services are carried out strictly within the framework of the law and the criminal case initiated by the General Prosecutor’s Office on the facts of the April 19 unrest 2007 on Ala-Too Square during a peaceful rally of supporters of the United Front and the For Reforms! Movement.
There is no unequivocal opinion about the legality of the detention of opposition leaders, among politicians and experts. According to expert Alexander Knyazev, it would be more correct if the opposition leaders in Kyrgyzstan incurred administrative rather than criminal liability. Although, according to him, from a legal point of view, the actions of law enforcement agencies are legitimate, Knyazev stressed in an interview with the news agency 24, which belongs to the media sympathizing with the opposition front.
More categorical in assessing the situation is the leader of the human rights center “Citizens against Corruption” Tolekan Ismailova. “Almazbek Atambayev cannot solve anything, he is not listened to, because the president decides everything together with his administration, and if so, then the head of state bears full responsibility for the political repressions taking place in the country and the rollback of democracy,” says Tolekan Ismailova. According to her, dozens of protesters are still looking for their property taken from them on the night of April 20 by the police. The headquarters of the opposition front also broke in, pogromed, more valuable things — computers, office equipment, telephones — took everything, I stress, without a court order to seize things that could be evidence. This is state looting. And the president should be responsible for this, ”Ismailova said at a press conference.
Chairman of the Human Rights Commission under the President of Kyrgyzstan, Tursunbek Akunov, believes that the arrest of opposition leaders is political persecution. According to him, punishing the organizers of the rally, the authorities violate the rights of citizens to free expression of opinion and the organization of mass actions. This will not lead to anything good.
According to Kulov, the authorities allow themselves something that was not under Askar Akayev - repression against dissidents, suppression of freedom of speech, intimidation of opponents, arrests of copies of opposition newspapers. “Such a regime has no right to exist,” emphasizes Felix Kulov at a press conference in his family village of Baitik. Forgetting that it was during Akayev’s rule that he was imprisoned, and his party was persecuted; the newspaper Melisa Eshimkanova "Asaba" (now "Agym") was ravaged by a huge lawsuit; MSN newspaper was harassed and sued; The Respublika newspaper was persecuted and sued, and the Vecherny Bishkek newspaper was practically owned by ex-President Akayev’s family.
The country lives in anticipation. Because dispersed dispersed, and then what? So far, everyone makes their own conclusions and comments. Analytical web portal Tazar, in its editorial commentary on the opposition’s indefinite rally, said that it should be noted that the division of the rally organizers into two groups: those who went to negotiate with Atmabayev and those who went to the press conference, is very interesting. It is clear that, on the one hand, this is a division according to functions within the framework of the opposition, but on the other hand, this is a very significant division, behind which there are rather deep differences. Expert Alexander Knyazev speaks about the same thing - the confrontation takes place not in society, but between political elites fighting for power in the country.
Interestingly, the leader of the opposition front, Felix Kulov, during the indefinite rally, made directly opposite statements. If some leaders were in favor of early presidential elections, Kulov evasively said that he was in favor of constitutional reform. And now he still admits that the president has made concessions to the opposition. For example, according to him, the president introduced a draft amendment of the Constitution, appointed Almaz Atambayev as prime minister. When asked about the future of the presidency, Kulov replied that he is fighting to reduce the powers of the head of state due to the aggravation of the country's regional division into north-south, and, in his opinion, it is desirable that the third president be a southerner. At the same time, he noted that there was such a conversation between the opposition front and the “For Reforms” movement during an indefinite rally. Most likely, the talk was about the candidacy of Omurbek Tekebaev, leader of the Ata-meken party, longtime associate of Felix Kulov. By the way, Tekebayev is also a native of the Jalalabat region, like the current head of state. They are linked by long-standing and hostile relations.
“Kyrgyzstan now has only two ways: either to war, or to real negotiations between political opponents,” said one of the opposition leaders, Ravshan Jeenbekov. In his opinion, the third after the dispersal of demonstrators in Ala-Too Square on April 19, 2007 is not given. Only one of them is ready for real negotiations?