In the general educational system of Kyrgyzstan today, there are practically two views and directions to the question of which model of secondary education is necessary and effective for the younger generation of the country. The so-called “Turkish” model and the local one compete, which represents a rather strange symbiosis of the formation of the old Soviet and the new national. Although, has anyone heard of a certain Turkish model of the education system? Today, Turkish high schools entangled the whole country, they conduct gender-based education, lure away the best students from other schools. According to experts, the curriculum is completely permeated with the ideas of Pan-Turkism.
How did Turkish lyceums appear in Kyrgyzstan? This happened back in 1992 with the filing of then-Turkish President Turgut Ozal, who offered to open Turkish lyceums in Kyrgyzstan as part of bilateral cooperation, after which a network of similar Sebat educational institutions appeared in the country, which recruited the best local schools, luring them with various benefits and gifts. But, the main bait was - free education. Plus, the Turks promised three meals a day and a hostel. In fact, it was a boarding school, but in Turkish. Tell me, who will give up all this? Especially foreign and free. Then parents will take away their children from there, having seen in practice what “local lyceum” means. Then there was complete euphoria. Seeing that other people's children speak fluent Turkish and English, many parents wanted their child to study only there.
The leaders of “Sebat” seeing the rush around their high schools, practically introduced a contract form of training. Today in Osh, the annual contract costs $ 650, in Bishkek $ 1000. Such figures are not shocking to anyone, because seeing the state of local schools, parents are more willing to send their children to the Sebat Lyceums. Moreover, they are extremely popular with those religious parents who would not want their daughter to study in the same class as the boys.
At the same time, I must say, students of the Sebat lyceums show impressive results at various interscholastic competitions in the exact sciences. According to the former employee of the city education department of Osh (which is against the mention of her name in this material), such results are achieved due to the fact that teachers of Turkish lyceums simply select for the city’s schools in search of “geeks”, luring them with all sorts of promises. Quite often, such a demonstrative activity of emissaries “Sebat” leads to scandal. But, because of the desire of the local leadership not to spoil relations with the Turkish side, such stories are hushed up and do not lend themselves to publicity.
There are supporters of Turkish high schools. This is what Turgunbai Aldakulov, regional representative of the Turkish newspaper Zamana in Osh, says. “We should not question the quality of education in Turkish lyceums. They teach our children to world standards. On the contrary, we should support them and help increase the number of Turkish lyceums in the country. After all, if they were not there, then many of the current and past students of the Sebat would work in the construction sites and markets of Kazakhstan and Russia, ”said Aldakulov.
The idea of Mr. Turgunbai Aldakulov was further developed by the former Minister of Education of Kyrgyzstan Nur uulu Dosbol, who generally proposed to create so-called elite schools on the basis of these Turkish high schools. Like, this is a requirement of time. He voiced this idea at a scientific symposium devoted to the reform of the education system and science in Issyk-Kul. Bektemir Murzubraimov, head of the parliamentary committee on education and science, strongly disagrees with the former minister of education. According to him, then in ordinary schools there will be no remaining students, leaders who can pull others along. Especially considering the large social gap between the small army of the new Kyrgyz bourgeoisie and the main part of the population, who live on $ 50 a month.
There is also an opinion that in the Turkish lyceums there is a deliberate selection of the best local students, so that they can be completely redone by themselves and shipped to Turkey. That is, in this case intellectual migration from Kyrgyzstan to Turkey will take place. “Brain drain” in other words.
“Turkish lyceums are the ideological weapon of this country in Kyrgyzstan. Many are interested in our country. Here, America helps us with money, and the result is not always there. Turkey, on the other hand, decided to invest everything in its lyceums here and only benefits from this. They practically raise children according to their “Turkish” system. This is an ideology. Who will benefit from this? ”Asked Bakyt Omurkulov, a senior teacher at Osh State University.
The president of the Sebat Lyceum, Orhan Inan (head of the network of lyceums), in his commentary, focused on the contribution of Turkish lyceums to the system of higher and secondary education in Kyrgyzstan. According to him, for fifteen years, twenty-one lyceums were opened in Kyrgyzstan. At the moment, more than six thousand students are studying there, and more than five thousand graduates have left their walls during the entire existence of the lyceums. “We are pleased that our graduates work successfully in the local education system. Who is the teacher, who is in charge. We are not going to stop there. Therefore, every year we will open two new educational institutions in Kyrgyzstan, ”concluded Orhan Inan.
On the question of whether the country needs two Turkish lyceums each year, the head of the department of the Medical Institute Jyldyz Kamalov answers: “I think they are needed! In general, children should be taught in Turkish lyceums. ” It should be noted that the two sons of a physician studied at the Turkish lyceum "Sema" and both achieved good results. Senior Meder Kamalov even got to the Massachusetts University of Technology through exchange. The youngest son Kainar Kamalov at the international Olympiad in Korea took the third place. According to Jyldyz Kamalov, his sons achieved such high results thanks to their studies in Turkish lyceums. Another graduate of one of the Turkish lyceums, Danil Ashirov, believes that excessive enthusiasm for the testing system during exams leads to the opposite effect. Students have absolutely no developed speech, no public speaking skills and a critical attitude to a particular problem. All are self-contained.
According to political scientist Sanjar Tazhimatov, the advantages of Turkish lyceums are that, unlike local schools, they pay a lot of attention to the study of exact sciences and English. The other side of the coin is that whatever one may say, but still there is Turkish, Ottoman ideology. "So what to do? If we do not have normal schools. In our schools it is still said that man descended from a monkey. We do not have a concept for the development of school education. Therefore, we will be forced to give our children to these same high schools, ”exclaims Sanjar Tazhimatov.
“I do not agree with the fact that in our high schools we teach children of the Turkish ideology. We do not harm Kyrgyzstan. Did you know that 70% of our teaching staff are citizens of Kyrgyzstan? Sooner or later it will all be left to you. We are not going to take out all this, ”says Yurtsever Karasoy, director of the Sema Lyceum.
For reference. Lyceum "Sema" now occupies the building of the former boarding school named Tereshkova. One building was left to the pupils of this boarding school, which serves both as an educational and sleeping building at the same time.
Today, all former kindergartens in the south of Kyrgyzstan are given to Turkish lyceums and companies.