With the onset of August 19 in Kazakhstan, the next race of political rearmament called “election of deputies to the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan” ended. Since then, a one-party system has come to the republic. The outcome of the entire political show was the Resolution of the Central Election Commission "On the registration of deputies of the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan of the fourth convocation, elected at elections on August 18 and 20, 2007," announcing a list of 107 deputies of the lower house of Parliament, 98 of whom are representatives of the Nur party. Otan ”, which collected 88.41% of the vote.
Neither the National Social Democratic Party (NSDP), which prophesied at least 23% of the vote, nor the Ak Zhol Democratic Party, which non-governmental and international organizations promised about 6% of the votes, failed to overcome the required electoral threshold of 7%. NSDP received 4.54% of the vote, Ak Zhol managed to reach only 3.09%.
On August 15, even on the eve of the elections, the International Association “Elections & Democracy” made a statement in which it was said about the artificial nature of the elections of deputies of the Majilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan. This artificiality is due to the measures taken by the authorities aimed at consolidating the political system existing in the country. “Everything is aimed at achieving the planned results regardless of the outcome of the vote. This makes observation on election day inappropriate. The 2007 elections do not reflect the real needs of society, therefore they cannot be recognized as democratic, ”the statement said.
It is not clear whether the population listened to these and other statements by non-governmental organizations, whose observers asserted that there were widespread violations of both the election campaign and the election campaign itself, or independently concluded that everything was already determined, but the turnout was extremely low this year. .
On August 18, 5,726,544 Kazakhstanis, or 64.56%, came to the polling stations. And the voters of Almaty showed the least activity - 22.51%. “Both the election results and the voter turnout surprised us greatly. We predicted a slightly different result, - says Igor Kuznetsov, Chairman of the Board of the International Institute for Regional Research "Open Society": - In the city of Almaty, we predicted a voter turnout of about 40%. As a result, they received a little more than 20% (23.44% - data from the MIRE “Open Society”). This is the first time such a low turnout in all my practice. That is what significantly affected the results of the elections themselves. ”
Meanwhile, after the election, the preliminary results of the voting were undertaken to announce many organizations. Among them are the Center for Current Research "Alternative", the already mentioned International Institute for Regional Research "Open Society", Almaty Confederation of Non-Governmental Organizations (ACNO) "Əpipts".
“According to our calculations, Nur Otan gained over 65%. NSDP in second place with a score of 23%. The error can vary from 1 to 2%. “Ak Zhol” scored just above 6%, ”said Laila Akhmetova, president of AKNO“ Orptes ”at a press conference immediately the morning after the elections.
As if echoing her, Igor Kuznetsov issued his predictions for the city of Almaty: “The three leaders will include Nur Otan with a score of about 64% of the vote, the NSDP - 18.4% and Ak Zhol could reach 6.5%.”
According to representatives of the Republican Network of Independent Observers, the Central Election Commission of Kazakhstan announced preliminary results in the morning of August 19. “Only it is not clear on the basis of what data the preliminary results were announced. If such information is obtained on the basis of protocols received from precinct election commissions, it is not clear why the polling results were not published on the website of the Kazakhstani Central Election Commission, as was stated, ”the report of the Republican network of independent observers on observation of extraordinary elections said. in the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the country and the next elections of deputies of Maslikhats of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
One way or another, in most cases the reports of sociologists said that people had already foreseen the outcome of the vote. “The electoral mood of the population was vividly characterized by that picture, when at 4 o'clock in the afternoon there was a calm in polling stations. Everything was quite predictable. And this explains the lack of interest on the part of the population, ”says Andrei Chebotarev, a political scientist, a representative of the Center for Contemporary Studies“ Alternative. ” In his opinion, the election campaign was passive. “It was visible both by the actions of the authorities, the opposition, and by the attitude of the population. There was no intrigue, sharpness and excitement, which was observed in the previous parliamentary elections. Everything developed on the already created template. New unique technologies were not applied. Yes, someone did a good job, but it’s impossible to say that the election campaign was a success. Parties did not properly use maslikhat election campaigns. They threw all their attention to the Majilis. If someone emphasized this, the ratings of individuals could bring success and additional interest to the parties on whose behalf they were nominated, ”the political scientist says.
An interesting fact is that not all have focused their attention on the preliminary results of the vote count. The Association of Legal Entities Association of the Republican Network of Independent Observers presented to the public its preliminary conclusions on the observation of early elections to the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the next elections of deputies of the Maslikhats of the country. According to representatives of the Network, the organizational and material and technical support of the elections has improved compared with previous election campaigns. However, at the same time, the rights of observers as well as before are not respected. “In many polling stations, the secrecy of voting was not respected, and cases of voting for other people were recorded, the quality of the voter lists remained low. In 35.7% of the observed polling stations there were registered cases of refusal to vote for this reason, the procedures for counting and summarizing the results were violated and were not open and transparent, massive refusals to issue protocols undermine the credibility of the election results, ”these are the conclusions of the Association.
And against the background of all these phenomena, a positive place remains. So, Maria Liyson-Kilunen, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Finland to Kazakhstan, stated that the situation in this country is very interesting, “as in a state with a young democracy. Many EU and OSCE countries have already noted the positive reforms that are underway. ” Meanwhile, some representatives of Kazakhstani civil society also do not lose optimism. “It can be seen that civil society is becoming more active in the face of representatives of non-governmental and international organizations,” says Layla Akhmetova. That's just a simple society does not know about it. Or they simply do not want to know and support the “civilian”, going to Kapchagai, or simply peacefully dozing around the pillow on August 18, ignoring calls and cries “Did you vote today?”.