The Convention on the Political Rights of Women states that "women have the right to vote in all elections, on equal terms with men, without any discrimination." Over the past decade, the position of women has improved significantly in many respects, but such progress has been uneven, and inequality between men and women still exists. The main obstacles to real equality remain, which seriously affects the welfare of all people. The new constitutions of the countries of Central Asia, without exception, declare equality between a man and a woman, but in our countries millions of women are deprived of the realization of their fundamental rights. The society believes that girls do not have to have a good education, they are discriminated against in finding employment. In Kyrgyzstan, it is considered normal to steal brides, and in Uzbekistan, a husband can beat his wife with complete impunity. Men, as in feudal times, retained total leadership in all aspects of life.
Yes, women have received the right of a passive voter, moreover, they can stand for leadership positions in the state.
For example, in the upcoming presidential elections in Uzbekistan, one of the political parties nominated a woman’s candidate for the presidency. However, with an authoritarian system of governance, it is clear that this figure is only decorative.
The problem is different - in the realization of the rights to be elected to power structures, to be in politics and to make important decisions on an equal basis with men. And this right is not exercised by women.
The legislation of Uzbekistan on elections enshrines the provision of at least 30 percent quota for women from the total number of candidates nominated from each political party to the Parliament of the country. According to statistics in Uzbekistan at present, the number of women in local representative bodies is 16%, in the Legislative Chamber - 17.5%, and in the Senate - 15%. In neighboring Kyrgyzstan, there are less than seven percent of women in parliament, and only two of them hold ministerial positions. For reference: in the Parliament of Sweden women make up 40%, in Norway - 9.4%, in Finland - 33.5%, in Denmark - 33%.
Traditionally, in the East, men dominate both in the power and in the family. It is believed that the reasons for the violation of women's rights in making important government decisions lies in the stereotype of our society that women and power are not connected. Besides, politics is traditionally considered a “dirty business”, and it is considered that a woman has nothing to do with it. And despite the obvious achievements of women in power, the role of women in big politics is too imperceptible.
According to Benit Ferrero-Waldner, European Union Commissioner for External Relations, “arguments that support and justify violations of women's human rights — cultural norms, women's“ proper ”rights or Western imperialism — are just excuses that hide their true meaning: women's life is less significant than men's.
Today, the Muslim world knows three women in the rank of prime ministers. Benazir Bhutto said that her election as Pakistan’s prime minister destroyed the myth created by social taboos that women’s place at home, that it’s shameful, shameful, or socially unacceptable to work as a Muslim woman.
Paradoxically, women constitute half the population of each country, they are more industrious, executive and disciplined, but this does not affect their position in political life.