Friday, the thirteenth ... On this day, something happened that was expected for a long time. In the last issue of our journal, in an editorial article “Restless stability”, Uzbek historian Fayzulla Iskhakov said that people can take to the streets, but this will not be politicized in Kyrgyzstan, but in the poverty in which it has been living for many years. . These words were confirmed the next day. Moreover, unlike other countries, the popular uprising ended with a lot of blood. Official Tashkent claims that 169 people were killed during the riots. On the other hand, according to some eyewitness accounts, only in the morgue after this slaughter there were about three hundred dead bodies. The number of those who were taken by relatives and those who went missing is still unknown ... In addition, there were several journalists in the city at that time who saw with their own eyes, and some of them are still in Andijan and are watching the development events. Thus, the number of victims may be several times higher than the figures announced by the authorities.
Islam Karimov claims that the people who seized the administration in Andijan are terrorists. It is hardly possible to fully agree with this statement. It is difficult to imagine terrorists whose terror is not aimed at civilians. And that is exactly what happened in Andijan, this was exactly what happened a year ago in a suburb of Tashkent in the village of Yalangach, it was last summer in Tashkent itself that the suicide bombers blew themselves up, according to eyewitnesses, so that no bystanders would die. It is even more difficult to imagine terrorists, whose side is taken by thousands of civilians and, in fact, are coming to their defense, as was the case in Andijan.
In that case, who is the terrorist? It would be most appropriate to suggest that the one who gave the order to open fire at a multi-hundred crowd among which there were only a few dozen armed militants. Moreover, as many townspeople told eyewitnesses, after the people began to scatter, the soldiers approached the wounded and finished them off. In any case, many of the victims were with bullet wounds to the head ... It is noteworthy that Islam Karimov, who was always proud of the fact that he was not afraid during the riots in Namangan in 1991, came to the people and had a dialogue with him, this time the people never came out. Apparently, he understands that people over the years have accumulated too many emotions, which are known for what can spill out.
After the collapse of the USSR and the declaration of independence by Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov got rid of any legal opposition in the face of the Birlik and Erk parties by all means available to him. Since 1999, since the explosions in Tashkent, the Uzbek government has taken a course to fight the so-called "Islamic extremism." In other words, a “cold” war began with an illegal opposition, with the opposition not openly contradicting the president. The people, extremely dissatisfied, in the first place, with the government’s internal policy aimed at enriching the power elite to the detriment of the interests of citizens, began to increasingly resort to religion, since any religion carries more justice than any human power. But the government deprived people of this outlet. Karimov has always been a pragmatic politician.
Some observers believe that the extremely poor education in secondary schools and the impoverishment of the population are simply beneficial to him, since it is simply easier for him to control the hungry and poorly educated 26 million people who do not think about anything except their daily bread and do not think about that, in principle, life can be better. Those who think about the injustice of the system are declared by Islamic extremists and sent to prison. But there they are not left alone. For a long time, the Uzbek penitentiary system practiced mocking believers and killing them, almost everyone was forced to give up their convictions and ask for forgiveness from the president for having the audacity to believe in God as they wanted, and not as the president prescribes .
Now, apparently, the “cold” war with its own people is turning into a “hot” war. How can events develop in the future? Forecasts are ungrateful and very often they come true with the exact opposite. And so on less try to imagine. Islam Karimov declared war on his own people, as the dead in Andijan had relatives not only throughout the Fergana Valley, but also in other major cities of the country and, above all, in Tashkent itself. And they will not forget this execution for a long time. Uzbek officials claim that the rebel attack on the authorities was a carefully planned action. Maybe. But if this action were aimed at overthrowing the state system, it would be more logical to expect that similar performances in Andijan or immediately after it would have occurred similar performances in several other major cities. For example, in Namangan, which has always, since Soviet times, been the unofficial religious center of the country. Then it would be much more difficult for the authorities to cope with such a performance, because it is impossible to shoot the entire population of the Fergana Valley. But that did not happen.
Karasu’s border is not counted - these are only echoes of Andijan and the desire of tired, frightened residents to leave their country. Therefore, conversations about a conspiracy, whose threads are being taken abroad, look unconvincing. In this case, the operation could be planned more professionally. Who is behind this - the question is also interesting. After similar events last year, the prosecutor’s office of Uzbekistan blamed foreign terrorist organizations for everything. At the same time at the press conference stupidly showed the old and battered small arms of the militants and some ridiculous amounts in dollars. "Foreign terrorist organizations" must be thought, strongly blushing from such shame. If we recall 1999 and those explosions, then it is still unknown “where your legs grow from,” but this is what gave rise to the fight against the believers.
So for now let us dwell on the fact that, most likely, such speeches, in any case, cannot be expected in the near future. Maybe Karimov, having understood the difficulties of the people, will go to soften the regime? This assumption is simply naive. It remains one thing - and then “tighten the screws”. Moreover, the strategic partner of the United States very vaguely reacted to this event only by calling on the parties to "restraint." As for Russia, Karimov's buddy Vladimir Putin in the person of Russian Foreign Minister Igor Lavrov, and in general frankly supported the massacre of civilians. Thus, Karimov’s hands are untied by the condescension of the two powers, which could somehow influence him, despite the public opinion of these countries.
New repressions can not be avoided and this is already indirectly confirmed. Thus, in the Uzbek newspaper Pravda Vostoka, the government’s mouthpiece, published an article “In Defense of the National Sovereignty of the Uzbek People. Who and why ... ". It directly charges against Ferghana.Ru IA, which is one of the few who quickly and objectively covered the Andijan events. And its correspondents A.Volosevich and A.Kudryashov turn out to be “ready to sell their own mother” in order to earn their “thirty Serebrennikov”. As for the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR), whose employees also were in Andijan, it turns out that “all the friendly dozen journalists were sent to another country to search for“ war and peace ”there” and thus did not prevent Karimov from continuing create lawlessness and genocide of their own people. Let me remind you that this is said about journalists, whose only fault is that they objectively recorded the events around them without interfering with anything. What then will be with those who expressed, expresses and will continue to express their discontent with the Karimov regime? Guess yourself ...